خط مشی دسترسی
پرسش و پاسخ
Title & Author
Does foreign aid really work?Roger C. Riddell.
Oxford ;New York :Oxford University Press,2007.
electronic text (xxvi, 504 p.) :PDF, HTML files.
0191537764 (electronic bk.)
9780191537769 (electronic bk.)
9780199295654 (alk. paper)
0199295654 (alk. paper)
Includes bibliographical references (p. -487) and index.
1. 'A good thing?' -- pt. 1. The complex worlds of foreign aid -- 2. The origins and early decades of aid-giving -- Defining aid -- A snapshot of the history of aid -- The origins of aid : the pre-1949 era -- The 1950s to the 1960s -- 3. Aid-giving from the 1970s to the present -- The 1970s and 1980s -- From the 1990s to today -- 4. The growing web of bilateral aid donors -- The ever-increasing number of donors -- The explosion in the numbers of non-governmental organizations -- The main bilateral donors -- The smaller bilateral donors -- 5. The complexities of multilateral aid -- What is multilateral aid and how much of it is there? -- The international financial institutions -- The United Nations, development and aid -- Other multilateral agencies -- Systemic issues.
pt. 2. Why is aid given? -- 6. The political and commercial dimensions of aid -- Why governments give aid -- Politics and national self-interest in aid-giving -- Commercial interests in aid-giving -- The overall impact of political and commercial influences on aid -- Concluding comments -- 7. Public support for aid -- Trends in public support -- The reliability of public opinion surveys -- Public support for aid and public perception of its effectiveness -- 8. Charity or duty? The moral case for aid -- Facts on the ground -- Ethical theories and approaches -- 9. The moral case for governments and individuals to provide aid -- Donor governments : current and evolving views -- Aid and the nature of governments' moral obligations -- Ethics, voluntary aid-giving and the world of NGOs -- pt. 3. Does aid really work? -- 10. Assessing and measuring the impact of aid -- Methodological challenges and data-gaps -- Judging the impact and performance of aid : what questions need to be asked? -- Understanding how aid contributes to growth and development -- Expectations about the impact of aid.
11. The impact of official development aid projects -- Project aid : an overview -- Detailed project performance -- Data quality and the sustainability of official aid projects -- The wider picture -- Summing up -- 12. The impact of programme aid, technical assistance and aid for capacity development -- Programme aid -- Technical assistance -- Aid for capacity building -- 13. The impact of aid at the country and cross-country level -- The country-level impact of aid -- The impact of official development aid across countries -- 14. Assessing the impact of aid conditionality -- Aggregate aid impact and the policy environment -- Official donor conditionality and recipient response -- Does policy conditionality produce the results intended? -- Summing up -- 15. Does official development aid really work? A summing up -- The search for sustainability -- Effectiveness does matter -- 16. NGOs in development and the impact of discrete NGO development interventions -- NGOs : an overview -- Methodological challenges -- The impact of NGO development projects and programmes -- Cost-effectiveness, quality, innovation and replication -- Capacity development and institutional strengthening.
17. The wider impact of non-governmental and civil society organizations -- NGO advocacy, lobbying, awareness-raising and campaigning -- Strengthening NGOs and strengthening civil society -- The contribution of NGOs to development : a summing up -- 18. The growth of emergencies and the humanitarian response -- Emergencies and disasters : an overview -- The humanitarian aid response -- 19. The impact of emergency and humanitarian aid -- Assessing humanitarian aid -- The impact of humanitarian action and humanitarian aid -- Advocacy in humanitarian action -- Emergency and humanitarian aid : a summing up -- pt. 4. Towards a different future for aid -- 20. Why aid isn't working -- Systematic impediments to aid effectiveness : problems caused by donors -- Problems at the recipient end : aid dilemmas -- Conclusion -- 21. Making aid work better by implementing agreed reforms -- The discrete individual-donor approach -- The step-change international cooperative approach -- Taking stock -- 22. Making aid work better by recasting aid relationships -- Confronting the politics of aid-giving -- Recasting aid relationships -- Making aid work better : addressing five key problem areas -- Bridging the divide between ideas and implementation -- Notes -- References -- Index.
Foreign aid is now a $100bn business and is expanding more rapidly today than it has for a generation. But does it work? Indeed, is it needed at all? Other attempts to answer this important question have been dominated by a focus on the impact of official aid provided by governments. But today possibly as much as 30 percent of aid is provided by non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and over 10 percent is provided as emergency assistance. In this first-ever attempt to provide an overall assessment of aid, Riddell presents a rigorous but highly readable account of aid, warts and all. This book sets out the evidence and exposes the instances where aid has failed and explains why. It also examines the way that short-term political interests distort aid, and disentangles the moral and ethical assumptions that lie behind the belief that aid does good. The book concludes by detailing the practical ways that aid needs to change if it is to be the effective force for good that its providers claim it is.--Book jacket.
Economic assistance-- Evaluation.
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