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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52386
Doc. No:TL22340
Call number:‭1451034‬
Main Entry:Sok Mun Liew
Title & Author:France and the Middle East peace process since the end of the Cold War, 1991–2001, the Israeli-Palestinian trackSok Mun Liew
College:Webster University
Date:2005
Degree:M.A.
student score:2005
Page No:181
Abstract:This purpose of this thesis is to analyze French participation, positions, policies, roles and impact on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process since the end of the Cold War and until January 2001. France, despite incessant calls for a co-sponsorship role via the European Union or a larger United Nations role, ultimately only had a minimal participation m the official, American-dominated Israeli-Palestinian peace talks. This was because of Israeli and American opposition to her participation linked in turn to perceived French and European bias against Israel and for the Arabs. However, despite French absence in the peace talks, France managed to cast a political influence on the peace process through her active pursuit of independent French policies. These policies were enacted unilaterally when appropriate or necessary and in conjunction with the European Union when feasible. The main policies pursued by France included the cultivation of extensive diplomatic contact with the region; advocacy for a larger political role for the European Union; initiation of independent French initiatives (e.g. in the Security Council, or with Egypt); a Euro-Mediterranean development strategy and support for the Palestinians (financially and symbolically). Some of these policies (e.g. financial support of the Palestinian Authority, the Qana shuttle diplomacy) were good for the peace process. While France supported overall American efforts to bring about peace through a negotiated settlement that addressed Israeli need for security and Palestinians' right to a State, she sometimes challenged the US when she sensed a deficiency in the American leadership. The raison d'être for such independent actions could be linked to both the Gaullist and the pro-Arab tendencies of France, particularly prevalent after Jacques Chirac's return to the Arab policy of Charles de Gaulle in April 1996. One of the results of this was a pro-Palestinian stance that impacted France's 'middle-of-the-road' position on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and at times the peace process in a negative way (e.g. Chirac's gambit during the Paris Summit). France therefore could be both a positive and negative force for the peace process and ways must be explored to ensure that her policies are channeled for the good of the future peace process.
Subject:Social sciences; International law; 0616:International law
Added Entry:Webster University