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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52439
Doc. No:TL22393
Call number:‭3181746‬
Main Entry:Paulette D. Lloyd
Title & Author:An empirical test of theories of world divisions and globalization processes: An international and comparative *regional perspectivePaulette D. Lloyd
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:1587
Abstract:This study examines the new world divisions and polarizations that have emerged in the post-Cold War era. We draw on Michael Mann's model to distinguish four key areas of social power—ideological or cultural, economic, military, and political—one or more of which are privileged in competing theories of world division. The empirical evidence centers on United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) roll call votes in the decades before and after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and on state memberships in important international and macro-regional organizations. Two approaches to measuring similarity were used: social network and correspondence analysis. The former focused on the eigenvector centrality method recently modified to incorporate negative relations. A new graphing algorithm that distinguished negative and positive ties revealed both the network of power and the particular pattern of polarization in each of the four areas. These networks were compared within and across regions to explore whether globalization has impacted regions differentially or uniformly through a predominant globalization process. In addition to creating a new dataset on UNGA voting, the study reaches several important conclusions. First, the Cold War structure has transformed into more complex alignments than others have argued. The data show a North-South division, not just about economic issues but about human rights, with both centered on development issues. Second, while there is an Islamic bloc, it is primarily based on two issues—Israel/Palestine and gender. Third, there is a very solid, expanding EU, while the United States is somewhat isolated except as a military coordinator. Fourth, several other macro-regional organizations are becoming important mechanisms of economic integration, cultural diffusion, and enhancement of security and democratization. Finally, globalization processes are having differential effects within and across regions. (Europe is strongly integrated while Latin American is less cohesive.) The implications are that globalization processes are too complex and in flux to support a single paradigm such as clashing civilizations. Oversimplifying the dimensions of global structure is misleading, with potentially disastrous consequences for foreign policy.
Subject:Social sciences; Globalization; International; Regional; Social network; World divisions; Social research; International law; International relations; 0344:Social research; 0616:International relations; 0616:International law
Added Entry:P. M. Bonacich, Michael
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles