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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52442
Doc. No:TL22396
Call number:‭3181712‬
Main Entry:Shih-tse Lo
Title & Author:Strengthening intellectual property rights: Evidence from developing countries' patent reformsShih-tse Lo
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:153
Abstract:Intellectual property rights have recently moved to the forefront of debates over international policy. As each country establishes its own institutions of intellectual property rights, a divergence exists between net producers and net consumers in the returns to providing strong protection. Under pressure from the developed world, many developing countries have begun to strengthen their intellectual property protection, particularly as regards patents. These changes in policy provide us with an opportunity to learn more about the effects of intellectual property institutions in developing countries. Whether and to what extent do stronger intellectual property rights spur inventive activity in a developing country? What are the factors or characteristics of industries in which strengthening patent rights has the most favorable impact on inventive activity? Will the strengthening of intellectual property rights in developing countries induce more foreign direct investment and technology transfer from abroad? In an attempt to answer these questions, I pay special attention to the 1986 Taiwanese patent reforms to examine the impact of strengthening patent rights. The evidence on the number of patents awarded to Taiwanese inventors as well as that on R&D spending in Taiwan suggests that the reforms stimulated additional inventive activity, especially in industries where patent protection is generally regarded as an effective strategy for extracting returns, and in industries which are more R&D intensive. The reforms also seemed to induce additional foreign direct investment in Taiwan. On the other hand, for industries that chiefly use other mechanisms to extract returns from their innovations, such as secrecy, the strengthening of patent rights had little effect on their inventive activity. Neither investment in R&D nor the number of patents awarded in these industries appeared to be much affected by the strengthening of patent protection. To investigate whether the Taiwanese experience is applicable to other developing courtiers, I exploit the same set of research issues by comparing the experiences of three other developing countries—South Korea, Singapore and Israel—with that of Taiwan. The results from the comparisons seem to corroborate our earlier findings.
Subject:Social sciences; Developing countries; Intellectual property rights; Patent reforms; Economics; Law; International law; International relations; Developing countries--LDCs; Intellectual property; Patents; Reforms; Foreign investment; Studies; 0398:Law; 0616:International relations; 0616:International law; 0501:Economics
Added Entry:D. S. Ackerberg, Kenneth L.
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles