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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52480
Doc. No:TL22434
Call number:‭3188764‬
Main Entry:Celeste Lovette Guichard
Title & Author:Travels and traversals in the Hellenistic oracular temples at Klaros and DidymaCeleste Lovette Guichard
College:Columbia University
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:256
Abstract:This thesis explores the interaction of ritual and architecture in the oracular temples of Apollo at Klaros and at Didyma and how that effected the transmission of divine knowledge to humans. Predicated on the assumption that concentrating on what transpired in the sanctuary temenos does not yield a satisfying understanding of Greek oracular architecture in relation to ritual, this study investigates the various elements that conditioned the pilgrims' experience of consulting Apollo Didymaios or Klarios from the moment they set out from home to seek the god's advice, to their return. The pilgrimage to an oracle, framed by the journey and by ancient perceptions of landscape, was infused with the desire to attain divine knowledge, and it was this combination of experience and desire that shaped the setting and performance of oracular consultation. Thus, the environment of the sanctuary and the architectural design of the principal temples met the pilgrims' expectations by offering various types of access, visual and physical, to the place where Apollo made his epiphany. The architecture of the Klaros and Didyma temples effected separations between the participants in the consultation of the divine: between deity and human, between cult officials and clients, and between the mantis (the person who received Apollo's answer directly) and the head cult official. Altogether, they facilitated the interactions essential for the successful completion of the ritual, which sought as its goal enlightenment and divine guidance.
Subject:Philosophy, religion and theology; Communication and the arts; Social sciences; Didyma; Hellenistic; Klaros; Oracular temples; Pilgrimage; Ritual; Turkey; Art history; Archaeology; Religious history; 0320:Religious history; 0324:Archaeology; 0377:Art history
Added Entry:R. Brilliant
Added Entry:Columbia University