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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52615
Doc. No:TL22569
Call number:‭3295784‬
Main Entry:Zachariah Cherian Mampilly
Title & Author:Stationary bandits: Understanding rebel governanceZachariah Cherian Mampilly
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:282
Abstract:Contemporary conflicts often produce vast territories outside the control of the recognized political sovereign. Instead of sinking into anarchy, rebel organizations may establish forms of political and social order within these territories. While many rebel groups remain predatory, providing little if anything for the populations under their control, many others establish complex governance structures that provide for public welfare through the establishment of a police force and legal mechanism, health and education systems, and even institutions designed to gather feedback from civilians. The performance of governmental functions by rebel groups across the idealogical spectrum is, in fact, a common occurrence throughout history. This contrasts with recent analyses of rebel groups, which often caricatures rebel leaders as little more than warlords. Why do the leaders of certain rebel groups establish sophisticated governmental structures that provide extensive public services to civilians in their control, while others do little if anything for their civilian population? How do groups design the structures they develop to provide governance? Using a two-level comparative analysis of different contemporary rebel groups, I argue that rebel leaders design governance structures in response to pressures from three different locations. From below, they must take into consideration the needs of local civilians who retain a number of strategies for challenging rebel rule. From within, they must deal with internal factions that threaten their control. And from above, rebel leaders must respond to the transnational actors operating in most contemporary conflict zones. The first level of my study is based on extensive field research conducted in rebel controlled areas and provides detailed cases studies of three different organizations; the LTTE in Sri Lanka, The RCD-Goma in Congo, and the SPLM/A in Sudan. The arguments developed here are tested against a second level, a sample of 15 cases randomly drawn to assess the strength of my arguments.
Subject:Social sciences; Civil wars; Congo; Governance; Rebel; Rebel governance; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Political science; International law; 0615:Political science; 0616:International law
Added Entry:M. Ross
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles