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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52664
Doc. No:TL22618
Call number:‭1469272‬
Main Entry:Loosineh Markarian Senagani
Title & Author:Comparative study of transition to democracy in Portugal and IranLoosineh Markarian Senagani
College:University of Denver
Date:2009
Degree:M.A.
student score:2009
Page No:68
Abstract:The thesis compares the period of transition to democracy in Portugal and Iran after the collapse of the authoritarian regimes through revolutions in 1974 in Portugal and 1979 in Iran. Despite the similarities the cases share, the outcome of the transition in Portugal was a political democracy while Iran faced the rise of authoritarianism. The research compares the similar and dissimilar variables between Portugal and Iran such as the form of the break with authoritarianism and holding of initial elections, institutional design, involvement in wars, and popular mobilization. By keeping respecting factors as control variables, the thesis argues for the role of Ayatollah Khomeini, and elite decisions, as the most determinative factors influencing the political outcome. In Portugal, in the absence of a leader uniting the elite and inability of political factions to solely consolidate their power, the Portuguese elite had to compromise. In contrast, in Iran, a charismatic leader, who favored the Islamic Republican Party over other factions, played the most determinative role in directing Iran toward authoritarianism.
Subject:Social sciences; Comparative study; Democracy; Iran; Portugal; Transition; Middle Eastern history; European history; Modern history; Political science; 0615:Political science; 0335:European history; 0333:Middle Eastern history; 0582:Modern history
Added Entry:N. Hashemi
Added Entry:University of Denver