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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52815
Doc. No:TL22769
Call number:‭3245269‬
Main Entry:Tracy J. McKenzie
Title & Author:An analysis of the innertextuality between Exodus 32:7–20 and Deuteronomy 9:12–21Tracy J. McKenzie
College:Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:186
Abstract:This dissertation examines the relationship between the golden calf texts of Exod 32:7-20 and Deut 9:12-21. It argues that the two passages are part of an innertextual strategy making up the composition of the Pentateuch. The term, innertextuality, is understood as an intentional connection between units of texts in order to combine them into a larger whole. These connections assist the production of verbal meaning by revealing the strategies and intentions imprinted in the text. A reader pursues the verbal meaning by detecting the strategies which are imprinted in the final shape of the text. These connections between units of texts are a primary feature of innertextuality. They are more than random links which a reader associates between texts. They are formal characteristics comprising texts. A connection consists of formal linguistic elements which exist in two or more passages. Terminological, syntactical, and stylistic characteristics are able to signal the connections between textual units which indicate signs of compositional activity. This dissertation works within a particular view of biblical authorship, composition. Composition is the selection, arrangement, and adaptation of textual units in order to create a larger whole in a structured and meaningful way. The notion of selection can be detected when smaller units of text recur in numerous locales throughout the Hebrew Bible. These repetitions of smaller textual units indicate the reuse or selection of these text and demonstrate innertextuality and the composition of biblical texts. The notion of arrangement is observed in the placement of smaller units of text within the whole. Whether it is law codes, small narratives, poetry, or repeated episodes, the author arranges texts in order to structure a larger whole. Arrangement also involves the notion of innertextuality. The selected units are arranged in such a way that recurring elements are able to interface with one another. The notion of adaptation suggests a modification of a particular unit in order to fit within the desired arrangement. Textual units are possibly abbreviated or configured to fit with other textual units based on a need within the whole. Consequently, the author matches the abbreviated unit to the context in a way that has the desired effect. At all times, any one of these three means must fit within and correspond to the work as a whole. Composition results from the combination of smaller units into a larger whole. Innertextuality reveals how the units are connected into a composition by means of formal linguistic elements. Exodus 32:7-20 and Deut 9:12-21 contain the greatest number of connections among the inner-related texts in this examination but other passages are also related to these two narratives. The other texts are Deut 32:16-21, Lev 17:1-7, Num 25:1-3, Deut 4:12-25, and Deut 31:16-31. These passages form an innertextual strategy making up the composition of the Pentateuch. The methodology in this dissertation involves setting criteria to establish an intentional connection between passages. Innertextuality results when an intentional connection can be discerned in passages distributed throughout an entire text. The criteria used in this dissertation are similar terminology, similar syntax, similar narrative features, similar thematic contexts, similar sequence of events, repetition of structure, reinterpretation, breaking a recognizable pattern, and shifting connotation. Using criteria, this dissertation establishes the following passages as innertextual: Exod 32:7-20, Deut 9:12-21, Deut 32:16-21, Lev 17:1-7, Num 25:1-3, Deut 4:12-25, and Deut 31:16-31. Chapter 1 defines innertextuality within the notion of composition and set the criteria. Chapter 2 compares Exod 32:7-20 and Deut 9:12-21. The comparison shows a high degree of similarity between the parallel material in the passages. The criteria show an intentional connection between Exod 32:7-20 and Deut 9:12-21. In view of the intentional connection, Chapter 2 also attempts to show the purpose behi d the similarities and the divergences. The similarities provide the focus for the innertextuality; the divergences cohere with either the immediate context of the passage or within the compositional strategies of the Pentateuch. Chapter 3 uses the criteria to establish an innertextual relationship between Exod 32:7-20 and Deut 9:12-21, Deut 32:17, Lev 17:1-7, Num 25:1-3, Deut 4:12-25, and Deut 31:16-31. The innertextuality highlights the tendentious sin of idolatry of the Israelites. Israel is unable to keep the covenant resulting in God's rejection of the people. They made him jealous with that which is not a god; he will make them jealous with those who are not a people. He will provoke them to anger with a senseless nation (Deut 32:21). Chapter 4 states the results and implications of the analysis in the following areas: the unity of the Pentateuch, hermeneutics and innerbiblical exegesis and allusion, the theology of the Pentateuch, and biblical studies. It also suggests directions for further research in light of the results reached in this analysis.
Subject:Philosophy, religion and theology; Deuteronomy; Exodus; Innertextuality; Bible; Theology; 0321:Bible; 0469:Theology
Added Entry:J. Sailhamer
Added Entry:Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary