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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52909
Doc. No:TL22863
Call number:‭3288687‬
Main Entry:Rosario Medina-Shepherd
Title & Author:The efficacy of the health belief model in predicting Spanish -speaking Hispanic women's behavior regarding mammography screeningRosario Medina-Shepherd
College:Barry University School of Nursing
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:157
Abstract:Background. Breast cancer is the most common form of malignancy among women worldwide. Mammography screening has shown to decrease the rate of breast cancer mortality. Hispanic women have been found to be less likely than Caucasian and African American women to participate in mammography screening. Although Hispanics constitute the most rapidly growing segment of the United States, there has been little research regarding the specific factors that influence their health behaviors. Data collection has been hampered by the scarce availability of reliable and valid Spanish language research instruments. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of the Health Belief Model (HBM), by means of data collected with the Spanish version of Champion's Health Belief Model Scales (CHBMS), in predicting the likelihood of participating in mammography screening among this population. Theoretical framework. The HBM has provided the theoretical framework for this study investigating the likelihood of individuals taking recommended preventive health protective actions. Methods. The CHBMS—Spanish was administered to a convenience sample of 200 Spanish-speaking Hispanic women, ages 45–75 years. Data obtained was used to estimate validity and reliability for the translated instrument and test five hypotheses. Results. The findings only partially support the theoretical relationships postulated by the HBM. The only construct predictive of having had a mammogram among this sample was the perception of barriers. The relationship was in-verse in that those with higher scores for barriers were less likely to have had mammography screening. Conclusions. Limitations inherent in the use of a translated instrument and sample recruitment may have affected the findings. Implications include continued refinement of the translated instrument and sample recruitment from more diverse settings. Keywords. Health Belief Model, mammography, Spanish language research instrument.
Subject:Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Breast cancer; Cancer screening; Health beliefs; Hispanic women; Mammography; Spanish-speaking; Nursing; Public health; Ethnic studies; Hispanic Americans; Behavior; Medical screening; Models; Womens health; 0631:Ethnic studies; 0573:Public health; 0569:Nursing
Added Entry:J. A. S. Kleier
Added Entry:Barry University School of Nursing