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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52916
Doc. No:TL22870
Call number:‭3448059‬
Main Entry:Anduamlak Meharie
Title & Author:Urban development and displacement in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Impacts on livelihoods and social relations in Yeka Tefo with a focus on youthAnduamlak Meharie
College:University of Kentucky
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:265
Abstract:The issue of development-induced displacement (DID) has become one of the glaring social problems of recent times. This study investigated the coping and adaptive strategies of displaced individuals and households as a result of a real estate development project in Yeka Tefo, a peri-urban farming community in the eastern part of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The research particularly focused on Yeka Tefo youth and examined how they were impacted by land alienation and how their coping and adaptive strategies affected social relations and customary institutions in the community. The dissertation is situated at the juncture of anthropology of development, anthropology of youth, and studies of DID. In order to identify households' and individuals' strategies the study also utilized Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approach to better understand the effects of development-induced displacement processes on livelihoods of affected populations. In addition to secondary sources, multiple primary data were utilized, including participant observation, focus group interviews, household surveys, unstructured and semi- structured interviews, and case studies. The majority of households that have become landless have managed to continue farming, to some extent, by obtaining farm land from farmers in neighboring communities, although this strategy has become increasingly difficult. Land alienation has marginalized certain segments of the population from agricultural activities, namely women and community elders in general. Women are forced to cope with the situation by turning to the informal economy. Research results suggests that local institutions such as debbo, wenfel and iddir have been affected by land dispossession, the involvement of household members in non-agricultural activities and the availability of seasonal migrant farm labor. As a result of the construction boom in the area new livelihood opportunities are currently available to displaced Yeka Tefo households, especially youth. As youth adapt to 'formal' work cultures they have began to negotiate and re-work customary community practices to fit their new circumstances. Research showed that first marriages are getting delayed and parental involvement in marriage arrangements is decreasing. Furthermore, education has become one of the primary mechanisms by which young people are preparing themselves for the future, both in the short- and long- run. KEYWORDS: Displacement-induced Displacement, Urban Displacement, Youth, Social Change, Peri-Urban
Subject:Social sciences; Addis Ababa; Development-induced displacement; Displacement; Ethiopia; Peri-urban; Urban development; Urban displacement; Youth; Cultural anthropology; Geography; 0326:Cultural anthropology; 0366:Geography
Added Entry:P. D. Little
Added Entry:University of Kentucky