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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52927
Doc. No:TL22881
Call number:‭3234872‬
Main Entry:Pilar Melero
Title & Author:Desde las faldas de la madre: Mexican women's contestatory voices, 1900–1940Pilar Melero
College:The University of Wisconsin - Madison
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:258
Abstract:Mexican women writers of all social classes were actively involved in the Mexican Revolution. They hid prisoners, smuggled arms, and participated in fund-raising activities. Also, they founded, funded, and staffed newspapers and other means of written expression in support of the causes that interested them. They wrote to instigate men to fight for what they perceived were abuses against the marginalized classes; they wrote in support of the Revolution, and about its heroes and non-heroes. They questioned prescribed gender roles for men and women, and advocated for women's rights and for the rights of the poor. Yet, critical analyses of their texts are for the most part nonexistent and some critics have even dismissed the significance of their work because, at the end of the armed stage of the Revolution, Mexican women still lacked the right to vote and other basic civil rights. In this dissertation, I examine texts by Andrea Villarreal González, Sara Estela Ramírez, and Juana Belén Gutiérrez de Mendoza three activists who wrote letters, essays, and newspaper articles advocating women's rights and the rights of the poor, as well as against oppressing political regimes. Also, I study texts by Antonieta Rivas Mercado, an intellectual credited with being one of the founders of modern Mexican theatre and symphony. In her texts, she discussed gender issues and politics. Finally, I examine the narrative by Nellie Campobello, who wrote to vindicate the men who fought in the Mexican revolution and her mother (a single mother). I propose that these women, whose texts have been discarded as too traditional because of their "virile" language and seemingly traditional subject positions, are indeed engaging their audiences in a dialogue about gender ideology, from within a subjective space centered on motherhood. They center their discourse on motherhood because this subject position is a discursive site one of the few available to them and acceptable to their audience, the Mexican people and the political leadership.
Subject:Social sciences; Language, literature and linguistics; Andrea Villarreal Gonzalez; Juana B. Gutierrez de Mendoza; Mendoza, Juana B. Gutierrez de; Mexican Revolution; Motherhood; Ramirez, Sara Estela; Sara Estela Ramirez; Villareal, Andrea Gonzalez; Women; Latin American literature; Womens studies; Language; Latin American history; 0291:Language; 0453:Womens studies; 0336:Latin American history; 0312:Latin American literature
Added Entry:R. Medina
Added Entry:The University of Wisconsin - Madison