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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52938
Doc. No:TL22892
Call number:‭3228424‬
Main Entry:Barbara Mendoza
Title & Author:Everlasting servants of the gods: Bronze priests of ancient Egypt from the Middle Kingdom to the Græco-Roman periodBarbara Mendoza
College:University of California, Berkeley
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:715
Abstract:The bronze statuary of certain non-royal personages is investigated---more specifically, the ancient Egyptian priest. Recent studies of ancient Egyptian bronze sculpture have focussed on royal bronzes (Hill 2004) and bronzes of deities (Gasser 2001); bronze statuary of the private individual, however, has never been thoroughly investigated. In my investigation I found that the 'priestly' figure comprised the majority of the non-royal corpus (90%). Approximately 350 individual statues, statuettes and figurines housed in museums in North and South America, Europe, Russia, Turkey, Israel and Egypt form the basis for this study. These figures were manufactured over a wide date range, from the possible predecessors of the Middle Kingdom (ca. 2000 BCE) to the Graeco-Roman Period (ca. 300 BCE to 360 CE) of ancient Egypt. This study takes a multifaceted approach and is dependent on the available epigraphical, archaeological/contextual, and art historical evidence. The inscribed, dated and provenanced bronze figures that I investigated establish a chronological framework with which to examine the temporal aspect of the unprovenanced bronzes of the corpus. The size of the sculpture, style, technique, method of manufacture, frequency of production, and details of individual pieces are all features that I investigate for each object. In addition, I utilize several types of secondary sources to assist with dating the unprovenanced figures, i.e., two- and three-dimensional sources from the Egyptian artistic record. This dissertation consists of nine chapters: Introduction, Methodology, the temporal chapters (Pre-New Kingdom, New Kingdom, Third Intermediate Period, Twenty-Fifth Dynasty, Late Period, Græco-Roman Periods), and the Conclusions. Appendices include: a catalogue with brief listings of the 350 pieces investigated and analyzed, a general chronology, a provenance index, translations and analysis of inscriptions and a glossary. The final synthesis is an historical and stylistic typology of the priestly figure based on archaeological context, inscriptions, and stylistic analysis. This investigation contributes a broader understanding of the social, religious, artistic, and historical context of non-royal Egyptian bronze statuary.
Subject:Communication and the arts; Social sciences; Bronze priests; Egypt; Greco-Roman; Middle Kingdom; Sculpture; Servants of the gods; Art history; Ancient civilizations; Archaeology; 0579:Ancient civilizations; 0324:Archaeology; 0377:Art history
Added Entry:C. A. Redmount
Added Entry:University of California, Berkeley