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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:52972
Doc. No:TL22926
Call number:‭1450045‬
Main Entry:Marianna Michael
Title & Author:The significance of the Ionian and the National schools to the development of Greek musicMarianna Michael
College:Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
Date:2007
Degree:M.M.
student score:2007
Page No:82
Abstract:According to several sources, art music in Greece has been neglected for two major reasons. First, the Greek Orthodox Church was against secular and instrumental music, as well as polyphony. Second, Greece was under the Ottoman power for almost four hundred years until 1821 with the Greek Revolution. However, art music in Greece originated from the Ionian Islands prior to 1821. Due to their geographical position, the Ionian Islands were under Venetian rule for roughly four hundred years, which resulted in the fact that music on the islands was very much influenced by the Italian style. Ionians established a musical style that was more or less imitating the Italian style. Several years later, Ionian music was labeled as the Ionian School of Music . After the Greek Revolution and the reunion of the Ionian Islands with mainland Greece in 1864, the Ionian style carried over to the rest of Greece, especially in Athens. Moreover, during the early twentieth century a new school known as the National School of Music was established in Athens. The National school, with Manolis Kalomiris (1883-1962) being the dominant figure, promoted the idea of nationalism in music. Composers of the National school were influenced by the German, French, and Russian styles as well. The National school was dominant in Greece in the early twentieth century.
Subject:Communication and the arts; Social sciences; European history; Music; 0413:Music; 0335:European history
Added Entry:M. Mackey
Added Entry:Southern Illinois University at Carbondale