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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:French
Record Number:53041
Doc. No:TL22995
Call number:‭NR30099‬
Main Entry:Ebtissam Mohamed Abdel Khalek Mostapha Al Moshtohry
Title & Author:L'idéologie à travers des indices linguistiques: Analyse des discours de la presse écrite arabophone et francophone en Égypte (2000 à 2002)Ebtissam Mohamed Abdel Khalek Mostapha Al Moshtohry
College:Universite de Montreal (Canada)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:451
Abstract:The present research bases itself on a contrastive analysis of the news—political events in both Arabic- and French-language newspapers in Egypt, as much on the form thereof as on their content. More precisely, journalistic discourse in Egypt has historically been marked by certain constraints on freedom of expression. On the other hand, according to the official line, journalistic practices enjoy at the moment a very great margin of freedom. Is this evident in the texts themselves? Our work consists, thus, of honing in on the most subtle linguistic indices in the texts of our corpus in order not only to demonstrate the presence versus absence of such constraints but also to reveal the ideology or ideologies dominant in each newspaper and to unravel the reality concerning freedom of expression in Egypt. Our corpus is compiled from the newspapers of the three great press organizations of Egypt: Al Ahram, Al Akhbar and Al Goumhouriya (from 2000 to 2002). After having postulated that there exist real constraints imposed on newspapers, and that the presence of these constraints depends on the ideology communicated and the readership of each newspaper (popular, national or international), we devote Chapter I to delimiting the theoretical framework of the research. We define here the key concepts, general and particular, and set out the parameters of the question. With a view to situating the texts in the real-life context of the practice of the profession, Chapter II focuses on the different ideological systems within Egyptian society as well as the journalistic values directly linked to these. In Chapter III, the method followed is delimited. We indicate the means utilized for data-gathering, the choice of corpus, the choice of sample, the constitution of sub-samples, the stages of analysis, analytical grid, and the treatment modes for data gathered. Chapter IV is devoted to the results of quantitative analysis. In accordance with the objectives of the analysis, the indices studied are sorted into two groups. The first relates together subjective adjectives, the manner of treatment of news, the type of articles and sequences types. Studied separately, these indices help us to discern the degree of objectivity or of subjectivity in the texts of each journal. The second places side by side the actanciel (Agent/Patient) and ideological roles (MDJ, RDL and IDH) the frequency of appearance of which permits revelation of constraints of correlation. In Chapter V, we present the results of the qualitative analysis. Analysis of press articles calls for a panoramic view which allows for embrace of the ensemble of contexts, content (the core) and of the form of these articles. It is from such a perspective that we have approached our analysis. For the context of the articles analyzed, we identify macrostructures in terms of their relationships to angles of sight, eventive families, and headings. In terms of analysis of core and form, we focus on schematization and thematic progression. Finally, Chapter VI is devoted to the synthesis of results and to some reflections concerning possible future research. Our analysis has revealed that neither the type of newspaper nor language of diffusion is behind variations, between Egyptian newspapers, but that there exist constraints imposed on the journalists, the newspaper or even the press agencies, determined by the ideologies and journalistic values which orient production in each newspaper and which supply each with its own character. We concluded the following: (1) The two dailies, Arabic and French, and the weekly Arabic-language paper are subject to a very elevated degree of discursive and textual constraint and to authoritarian and Arab ideologies. (2) The French weekly displays the most elevated degree of freedom of expression and adopts a liberal ideological stance. (3) In all the newspapers, we have been able to pinpoint regularities in terms of angles of sight, textual schematization, and thematic progression. KEYWORDS: discourse analysis, textual linguistics ideology, written press, French, Arabic, Egypt, news - political events, constraints.
Subject:Communication and the arts; Language, literature and linguistics; Arabic; Egypt; Francophone; Linguistic indices; Newspapers; Linguistics; Journalism; 0290:Linguistics; 0391:Journalism
Added Entry:Universite de Montreal (Canada)