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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53103
Doc. No:TL23057
Call number:‭NR29512‬
Main Entry:Ismael Musah Montana
Title & Author:The trans -Saharan slave trade, abolition of slavery and transformations in the North African Regency of Tunis, 1759–1846Ismael Musah Montana
College:York University (Canada)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:270
Abstract:This dissertation examines the trans-Saharan slave trade in relation to the economic and political transformations occurring in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in the Regency of Tunis. Specifically, it documents the shifting trends of the slave trade within broader patterns of the Tunisian economy. The dissertation uses information on Tunisian foreign trade to analyze trends in the slave trade. It also examines the suppression of the slave trade and the final abolition of slavery, which was decreed on 23 January 1846. The dissertation establishes that the caravan slave trade was more important than previously thought, and that the abolition of slavery in Tunisia had a significant consequence for Tunisian society. Between the late-1780s and the first decade of the 1800s, the slave trade increased sharply, owing to the economic reforms undertaken by the Husaynid Beys. European commerce with Tunisia increased after 1759, while economic developments in the Western and Central Sudan also played a role, particularly the emergence of Katsina as a commercial entrepot in Hausaland by the 1780s. Despite interruptions in the slave trade after 1811 and continuing into the 1820s, the slave trade across the Sahara and the re-export traffic across the Mediterranean surpassed previous levels, and this trend continued through the 1830s. Increased market activity following European penetration of the Tunisian economy resulted in the demand for additional slaves, which the slave-based economies in the Western and Central Sudan were able to supply, particularly after the consolidation of the Sokoto Caliphate (1804-1808). It is argued that the major force promoting abolition was increased European economic and political intervention in North Africa, first with the prohibition of the enslavement of Christians for ransom in 1816, and especially after the French occupation of Algeria in the 1830s. The urgency of safeguarding the independence of Tunisia, more than efforts at "modernization" or "reform," triggered the move to abolition and the emancipation of the enslaved black population, which was achieved in 1846.
Subject:Social sciences; Abolition; Slave trade; Trans-Saharan; Tunis; Tunisia; African history; 0331:African history
Added Entry:York University (Canada)