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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53166
Doc. No:TL23120
Call number:‭3201645‬
Main Entry:Pallab Mozumder
Title & Author:Coping with a natural disaster: Understanding household and social responsesPallab Mozumder
College:The University of New Mexico
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:138
Abstract:In my dissertation first I first review the role of social institutions (e.g. social networks, civic engagement, voluntary activities, trust etc.) in providing missing public goods in various contexts across different countries. Among developing countries, Bangladesh faces very high risks of large scale natural disasters with consequent impact on human health and survival. In 1998 Bangladesh experienced the "flood of the century." I study household and social responses to cope with the post-flood situation. I explore how informal social response through private transfers has helped households to recover from post-flood shocks. Based on multiple rounds of household survey data collected in the year after the 1998 flooding in Bangladesh, I find that the level of private transfers are altruistically calibrated to the severity of flood exposure. I also explore the role of private transfers as an informal insurance mechanism to smooth consumption variability in the face of an adverse shock caused by massive flooding. Private transfer is found to significantly contribute to reducing household consumption variability. In the subsequent part of my dissertation I investigate how households recover from sickness shocks after a massive flooding. Interestingly enough, I find that social cohesion built on group-based microfinance programs may provide an informal social insurance to recover from sickness shocks. Households with stronger social bonds built on microfinance programs spend less for medical expenses in recovering from post-flood sickness shocks. I explore the policy implication of this finding in a developing country context where sickness significantly impacts household welfare and no formal health insurance exists. Finally this research deals with the timely issue of exploring various means of disaster preparedness, mitigation and adaptation strategies against natural disasters. Given the rising frequency and severity of natural disasters, extension of research in this direction would provide policy-relevant recommendations for disaster preparedness. The main theme is to explore the level of diverse efforts in preparing for natural disaster events. The objective is to design public policy that can influence household behavior in some desired direction. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Subject:Social sciences; Coping; Household; Insurance; Natural disaster; Social responses; Economics; 0501:Economics
Added Entry:A. K. B. Bohara, Robert P.
Added Entry:The University of New Mexico