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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53294
Doc. No:TL23248
Call number:‭3254000‬
Main Entry:Tahir Hasnain Naqvi
Title & Author:Interregnal politics: Autocracy and counternationalism in urban PakistanTahir Hasnain Naqvi
College:University of California, Berkeley
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:214
Abstract:This dissertation draws on twelve months of fieldwork (2001-2003) in Karachi with citizens, neighborhood intermediaries, and activists of the Muhajir Nationalist Movement (MQM). It examines forms of government and popular political action that emerge in response to the martial state of emergency and its suspension of urban mass-politics. As I use it, counter-nationalism describes Pakistan's postcolonial present as it is embodied within specific conjunctures of government, imagination, and space that question the democratic boundaries of the nation-state. In 1985, the MQM galvanized Indian immigrants (Muhajirs), who had been living in the urban areas of the province Sindh since Partition, into an unlikely "migrant-nation" within Sindh. Led by university educated Muhajirs from the second generation who had grown disaffected with Islamist politics, the MQM launched a militant provincial nationalist campaign that achieved political control of Karachi through the martial state's unitary arena of "non-party" local government. Through printed sources and neighborhood and activist histories, I analyze the MQM's attempt to modulate subalternity into hegemony as a process that capitalized on, rather than resisted, the martial state's attempt to fragment Karachi's mass-political stage. The movement's deferral of Muhajir nationality as a 'beginning' after Pakistan returned to wider spatial scales of democratic participation in 1989 invites theoretical reflection on the specific dynamics (authoritarian, transitional, militant, nationalist) of performative political identities in the postcolonial and Muslim world.
Subject:Social sciences; Autocracy; Counternationalism; Interregnal politics; Pakistan; Urban space; Cultural anthropology; Political science; 0326:Cultural anthropology; 0615:Political science
Added Entry:S. Pandolfo
Added Entry:University of California, Berkeley