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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:French
Record Number:53326
Doc. No:TL23280
Call number:‭NR37408‬
Main Entry:Etienne Ndagijimana
Title & Author:La mémoire de la violence dans le roman africain contemporainEtienne Ndagijimana
College:Universite de Montreal (Canada)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:356
Abstract:In contemporary African literature, the theme of violence unfold in the context of the conflict opposing the Western world to Africa. It is mostly during the colonial and postcolonial periods that theme of blood became prominent in African literature. Since then, the novel has became the main tool for the construction of memory related to different forms of violence. This dissertation proposes to study how a work of fiction can become a valid instrument of the memory of violence. It examines how a writer using specific discursive forms manages to transform the novel into a memory "effector" and a bearer of the traces of violence. Theoretical concepts from the sociology of literature as well as comparative perspectives have guided this research. This study, which starts with an introduction, consists of five chapters followed by the conclusion. The introduction introduces the object of study, defines the thesis, and specifies the methodology. Except for the first chapter, the other chapters start with a socio-political contextualization of the novel under study, after which the social function of characters is identified and the discursive strategies deployed to transmit the memory of violence are analyzed. The first chapter establishes the theoretical framework through which history, memory, and literature become intertwined. The second chapter deals with the traces of the memory of violence in Allah n'est pas obligé by Ahmadou Kourouma. It deals with the theme of child-soldier in contemporary african civil wars. The third chapter is devoted to À quoi rêvent les loups by Yasmina Khadra, a novel about the atrocities perpetrated by the islamist movement in Algeria. The fourth chapter, devoted to Cette aveuglante absence de lumière by Tahar Ben Jelloun, constitutes a study of prison violence in the penal colonies established by Hassan II, King of Morocco to destroy his adversaries. Finally, the last chapter tackles the issue of the memory of genocide in Murambi, le livre des ossements by Boubacar Boris Diop. The general conclusion forms a synthesis of the whole dissertation and links the authors at the level of writing the memory of violence. Thus, it sheds light on some of the convergences and divergences noticeable in the books of the corpus. At the level of form, we notice a good deal of convergences but also diversity marking not only the content of the works, but mainly the impact of the discursive choices of each author. Key words. African literature, memory of violence, war, terrorism, genocide, convict prison, poetics of memory, novel's universe, Ahmadou Kourouma, Yasmina Khadra, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Boubacar Boris Diop.
Subject:Language, literature and linguistics; African literature; Algeria; Ben Jelloun, Tahar; Convict prison; Cote d'Ivoire; Diop, Boubacar Boris; Genocide; Khadra, Yasmina; Kourouma, Ahmadou; Memory of violence; Morocco; Novel's universe; Poetics of memory; Senegal; Terrorism; Violence; War; 0316:African literature
Added Entry:Universite de Montreal (Canada)