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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53393
Doc. No:TL23347
Call number:‭3323139‬
Main Entry:Tal Tenenboim Nir
Title & Author:Forgiveness in the Israeli-Palestinian conflictTal Tenenboim Nir
College:Boston University
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:154
Abstract:Forgiveness seems to involve both a decision to relinquish negativity (decisional forgiveness) and an emotional process of changing negative emotions to either a neutral or more positive emotional state (emotional forgiveness). Negative emotional unforgiveness--vengeful motivations and emotions--can be reduced in several ways, including, but not limited to forgiveness. Most empirical research on forgiveness has been carried out on college students in the United States. It is not clear if the current understanding of forgiveness and related phenomena would apply to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between forgiveness and unforgiveness in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, to distinguish decisional and emotional forgiveness, to identify potential predictors of forgiveness and unforgiveness, to further explore the conflict and compare the two groups, to characterize the methods being used to reduce feelings of unforgiveness using means other than forgiveness, and to investigate possible changes in attitudes and feelings towards Palestinians among Israelis between two periods of data collection during 2004 and 2006. Israeli ( n =173) and Palestinian ( n =151) college students completed questionnaires about their reactions to transgressions by the opposite group--involving decisional forgiveness, emotional forgiveness, vengeful unforgiveness, and several related constructs. Results provided some support for a distinction between forgiveness and unforgiveness and between the two types of forgiveness. Empathy for the offender and the degree to which an individual tried to forgive the other group consistently predicted forgiveness and unforgiveness. Perceived contrition of the offender varied between groups in its predictive ability. Religious commitment was positively correlated with unforgiveness and negatively correlated with both decisional and emotional forgiveness in the Israeli and Muslim Palestinian samples. Results show that Muslim Palestinians have higher levels of unforgiveness than Israelis and lower levels of both types of forgiveness. The primary method found to be used by Israelis and Palestinians to reduce unforgiveness was "moving on with one's life" with the view that there is nothing that can be done about the situation. The major differences that were found between the two data collection periods showed that empathy and levels of forgiveness towards Palestinians declined among Israelis.
Subject:Social sciences; Psychology; Israeli-Palestinian conflict; Peace; Forgiveness; Unforgiveness; Social psychology; International law; 0616:International law; 0451:Social psychology
Added Entry:M. J. Lyons
Added Entry:Boston University