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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53396
Doc. No:TL23350
Call number:‭3346916‬
Main Entry:Yoko Nishimura
Title & Author:North Mesopotamian urban space: A reconstruction of household activities and city layout at Titris Hoyuk in the third millennium B.CYoko Nishimura
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2008
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2008
Page No:368
Abstract:This dissertation aims to reconstruct the late-third millennium urban layout at Titris Höyük, in southeastern Turkey, in the context of incipient urbanism in northern Mesopotamia. In so doing, particular attention is paid to how the non -elite city inhabitants organized their daily space and domestic activities in the extensive residential neighborhoods at this city. This is the first such attempt to simultaneously reconstruct both household activities on the smaller scale and broad urban layout on the larger scale. The reconstruction of the urban layout at Titris serves as a hypothesized model for the third-millennium urban center in northern Mesopotamia, in which the daily household activities of the non-elite majority of the population are the focus of attention. Based on the wealth of household remains derived from horizontal excavations at two opposing sectors of the settlement, I conducted systematic activity area analyses within 13 non-elite dwelling structures. Magnetometry surveys covering almost half of the 35 ha settlement allowed me to trace architectural plans and streets across the settlement. The magnetometry results showed that the consistent patterns in domestic space and activities observed in the excavated houses were more broadly representative of the rest of the extensive residential quarters at Titri. To complete the reconstruction of the urban layout, I defined the possible locations of public buildings such as temples and palaces at Titri by drawing parallels with contemporary urban settlements - Tell Taya, Tell Leilan, Tell Mozan, Tell Brak, Tell Beydar, Tell Chu era, and Tell Mardikh. I derived a general model for the layout of third-millennium urban settlements in northern Mesopotamia according to which cities were dominated by a High Mound surrounded by an extensive lower city densely packed with relatively large non-elite houses and streets. The majority of the occupants in the lower city were of largely uniform status and were mostly farmers leading a prosperous but modest lifestyle. Activities within the houses were concentrated in the central, large, multi-functional courtyards or rooms that were a consistent feature of houses of the period.
Subject:Social sciences; Mesopotamian; Urban space; Third millennium B.C.; Household archaeology; Activity area analysis; City layout; Domestic activities; Spatial organization; Domestic architecture; Titris Hoyuk; Turkey; Archaeology; 0324:Archaeology
Added Entry:E. Carter
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles