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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53529
Doc. No:TL23483
Call number:‭3297668‬
Main Entry:Ronnie May Olesker
Title & Author:The value of security vs. the security of values: The relationship between the rights of the minority and the security of the majority in IsraelRonnie May Olesker
College:Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:481
Abstract:This dissertation examines the rise in the legal discrimination of the Palestinian Israelis since the eruption of al-Aqsa intifada in September 2000. The objective of the study was to explain the reasons for this rise and its implication of the majority-minority relations in Israel. The study finds that there has been a rise in the legal discrimination of Palestinian Israelis since September 2000 with the introduction of new legislation, which seeks to further marginalize this minority. The legal policies adopted in Israel since September 2000 have been anchored in the interest of national security. The Israeli policy-maker and the security community views the Palestinian minority as posing a direct threat to the security of the Jewish majority and thus, policies which seek to impose political and legal limitation on the Palestinian minority in Israel are justified. Contrary to the assumptions made by the Israeli policy maker, this study finds that it is the rise in the legal discrimination of the Palestinian minority and its exclusion from the Israeli polity, which contributes to the rise in the use of political violence by that minority against the state. Relying on prospect theory and relative deprivation theory the study develops a model employing six criteria to indicate the likelihood of the eruption of internal violence in the Israeli case study. The findings indicate that the Palestinian minority may be comparing its current legal status to its previous one, during the Oslo Peace process, in which the minority had experienced improvement in its status within the State. The use of the Oslo Peace Process period as a reference point results in the minority viewing its current situation as an unjust loss (in legal status) giving rise to the likelihood of the use of political violence against the state to gain those perceived losses. The findings show that as the level of violence in the external Israeli-Palestinian conflict rises, there is a cyclical pattern in which the pre-existing sense of apprehension and mistrust of the Palestinian-Arab minority results in their alienation and disaffection through the introduction of discriminatory legislation that leads few to commit acts against the states, which in turn reinforces the perception of threat and legitimizes the discrimination.
Subject:Social sciences; Al-Aqsa intifada; Israel; Minority rights; Political violence; Prospect theory; Security; Terrorism; Values; Political science; International law; National security; Human rights; Minority & ethnic groups; 0615:Political science; 0616:International law
Added Entry:J. Salacuse
Added Entry:Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University)