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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53583
Doc. No:TL23537
Call number:‭3227906‬
Main Entry:Daniel Eli Orenstein
Title & Author:The drivers and ecological implications of land use/land cover change in IsraelDaniel Eli Orenstein
College:Brown University
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:236
Abstract:This dissertation focuses on the demographic and policy drivers of urbanization patterns in Israel and the ecological implications of these patterns. We combine spatial and demographic analyses with three unique bodies of literature (spatial planning, political geography and conservation biology) toward an understanding of the challenges of ecological conservation in Israel. Chapter one analyzes the discourse of Israeli academics and environmental activists regarding the environmental implications of population growth in Israel. We find that national ideologies and religiosity, coupled with immediate security and social concerns, bound what is considered "sanctioned" discourse regarding population growth, prescribing the rules of academic engagement for this topic. In chapter two, we analyze the relationship between population growth and land development in Israel at the national, regional, and local scales. While we find a strong positive correlation between population growth and land development rates at all spatial scales, the relationship shows strong variation depending on geographic (core or periphery), ethnic (Jewish or Arab) and land-use (urban or rural) characteristics, and depending on time period. These findings suggest strong influence of government planning and policy on this population-environment relationship. Chapter three expands on the methodologies used for our spatial analyses, comparing the use of survey maps to the use of remotely sensed satellite data for analyses of urban growth. In chapter four, we consider the influence of demography on land use policies. Using Israel as a case study, we find that countries experiencing internal ethnic conflict or whose borders are insecure often develop two parallel land use policy paradigms with contradictory goals: environmental policies emphasizing protecting open space and ecosystem integrity, and ethno-demographic policies focusing on strengthening control in areas where state sovereignty is perceived to be threatened. Chapter five focuses on processes driving the loss of biodiversity in Israel. We integrate an analysis of urban development in Israel with an inventory of Red-listed vertebrate species towards an understanding of how land use policies and decisions impact species conservation. We quantify amounts of open space, analyze the spatial configuration of development and review the impact of different types of residential development on local biodiversity.
Subject:Health and environmental sciences; Biological sciences; Israel; Land cover change; Land use; Urbanization; Environmental science; Ecology; 0768:Environmental science; 0329:Ecology
Added Entry:S. P. Hamburg
Added Entry:Brown University