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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53712
Doc. No:TL23666
Call number:‭3384032‬
Main Entry:Camila Pastor de Maria y Campos
Title & Author:The Mashreq in Mexico Patronage, property and class in the postcolonial globalCamila Pastor de Maria y Campos
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:449
Abstract:This dissertation project analyses class formation in late capitalism by focusing on the everyday lives of Mashreqi families who have circulated between post/colonial nation states in a variety of class trajectories since the late nineteenth century. I argue that the extraordinary visibility of Mashreqis --Syrians, Lebanese and Palestinians--in positions of power and wealth in neoliberal Middle America is best understood through a history of the present. Migrant trajectories, polarized early in the migratory process into those of a small migrant elite and a much larger working class, have been structured by axes of differentiation that reflect the pulse of capitalist and imperial expansions. The Ottoman and French colonial administration of the Mashreq shaped its sectarian habits, sorting populations according to overlapping criteria of sect and class. These colonial subjects have settled and circulated in Middle America, a social landscape shaped by its own colonial heritage and twentieth century neocolonial geopolitics that produce it as a 'developing' region. The relevant categories for segregation, participation and alignment in this context are cast through ethno-racial and civilizational rather than confessional practices and marks. The early socioeconomic diversity of the migration and the French mandate over the Mashreq in the first half of the twentieth century afforded the cultivation of relationships of patronage within and beyond the migrant population that were fundamental to migrants' class trajectories. In this case study, class formation emerges as mediated by practices of sectarianization, racialization, and representation; and includes both the accumulation of resources by increasingly powerful mediators and the erasure of undesirable migrant bodies and categories through their material, moral and discursive displacement. The migrants' experience has been shaped by the transnational practice of a variety of agents: transnational migrant families themselves, which shift their centers of gravity according to political and economic crises; French officials, who imagined imperial administration as a global project; religious officials with regional jurisdiction; postcolonial diplomatic missions and revolutionary rhetorics and projects. The intersection, entanglement, and structural and discursive inscription of French imperial, Middle American postcolonial and Mashreqi post/colonial logics of construction of the subaltern and the dominant have allowed Mashreqi migrants to Mexico and Central America to settle into the top deciles of the population in terms of property and into a position of prestige within the popular imagination.
Subject:Social sciences; Transnational; Globalization; Race; Migration; Colonialism; Middle East; Syria; Lebanon; Citizenship; Mashreq; Mexico; Cultural anthropology; Middle Eastern history; Latin American history; 0326:Cultural anthropology; 0336:Latin American history; 0333:Middle Eastern history
Added Entry:S. Hale
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles