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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53788
Doc. No:TL23742
Call number:‭3400901‬
Main Entry:Anne Mariel Peters
Title & Author:Special relationships, dollars, and development: U.S. aid and state institutions in Egypt, Jordan, South Korea, and TaiwanAnne Mariel Peters
College:University of Virginia
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:386
Abstract:Although Egypt, Jordan, South Korea, and Taiwan collectively account for about 12 percent of total US bilateral aid disbursed since the Second World War, no existing theory or approach to the study of foreign aid can explain varying degrees of aid's institutional efficacy in these four US allies. Egypt and Jordan used US aid to sustain existing distributive institutions and relied on the US to supply "parallel institutions" that provided public goods and services. South Korea and Taiwan, by contrast, utilized US aid for institutional upgrading. This dissertation posits that coalition politics in the aid recipient are the primary determinants of aid's institutional efficacy. Disparate coalitions caused distributive political economies to arise in Egypt and Jordan. In these cases, US aid reinforced existing patterns of distribution. US aid was generally only developmental to the extent that it financed parallel institutions, which delivered public goods and services necessary for late development, economic reform, and maintaining basic standards of living. Narrow coalitions in East Asia underpinned dynamic and developmental political economies; US aid was incorporated into this framework. Geopolitically motivated aid was configured to maximize regime stability, and merely served to reinforce the prevailing tendencies of recipient political economies. In East Asia, these tendencies were developmental, and in the Middle East, distributional. This dissertation rejects the dominant foreign aid research agendas in development economics and political economy, which base aid effectiveness solely upon on abstract "supply side" factors, such as donor motivations, aid volume, and formulation, or overly simplistic "demand side" environments, such as corruption or macroeconomic policy environment. It produces a new "supply and demand" approach that focuses on how coalition politics interacts with donor motivations, aid volume, and formulation. It also introduces parallel institutions as a useful concept for understanding industrialization and economic reform in major aid recipients. The goal is to understand identifiable patterns in recipient politics that condition aid's institutional efficacy. This knowledge may, at most, allow for more politically savvy aid formulation. In the very least, it should cause donors to adjust their expectations in countries ruled by disparate coalitions.
Subject:Social sciences; State institutions; Egypt; Jordan; Korea; Taiwan; China; Foreign aid; Rentier state; International Relations; Political science; 0615:Political science; 0601:International Relations
Added Entry:D. Waldner
Added Entry:University of Virginia