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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53801
Doc. No:TL23755
Call number:‭3223822‬
Main Entry:Milen V. Petrov
Title & Author:Tanzimat for the countryside: Midhat Pasa and the vilayet of Danube, 1864--1868Milen V. Petrov
College:Princeton University
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:469
Abstract:The dissertation examines the history of the Ottoman Danube province (vilayet) under its first governor, Midhat Paşa (1864-1868). The vilayet was conceived as a "pilot project" for a future comprehensive provincial reorganization and, during Midhat's governorship, became the site of a sustained "modernization" campaign in the fields of legal and institutional reform, infrastructure, communications, economic development, medical care, hygiene, and urban development. The dissertation surveys the reforms carried out by Midhat's administration in each of these fields, as well as the impact of these reforms on society. After an introduction and literature review (Chapter 1), the thesis describes the administrative structure of the province, with a special emphasis on the makeup and functions of the important new consultative and judicial councils (mecalis) that were established throughout the vilayet (Chapter 2). Chapter 3 presents two alternative views of Midhat's reforms---first as rarefied bureaucratic blueprints and second through the experiences of the vilayet's "ordinary" inhabitants (on whose shoulders most of the physical and financial burden of the reforms was placed). Chapter 4 analyzes selected reform policies and identifies several "governance techniques," which were found to be characteristic of Midhat's administrative style. The thesis then provides an assessment of the provincial administration's efforts to create and promote a supra-ethnic "Ottoman nationalism" (Osmanlilik ). Bulgarians---the vilayet's largest ethnic group---were taken as a litmus test for the success or failure of Midhat's efforts in this field. It was found that, on the whole, the vilayet reforms succeeded in creating a substantial pool of pro-imperial sentiment among the Bulgarian population of the province, both among the elites (Chapter 5) and the non-elites (Chapter 6). The final chapter surveys the administration's attempts to prevent or slow down the development of Bulgarian ethnic nationalism, arguing that, while Midhat's policies on that issue succeeded in eradicating separatist challenges in the short term, they may have had the opposite effect in the long term. The dissertation is based on a wide variety of primary sources collected in several archives (Istanbul, Sofia, Ruse, London) and an extensive survey of the relevant scholarly literature.
Subject:Social sciences; Bulgaria; Danube; Midhat Pasa; Ottoman Empire; Tanzimat; Turkey; Middle Eastern history; European history; 0335:European history; 0333:Middle Eastern history
Added Entry:M. S. K. Hanioglu, Stephen
Added Entry:Princeton University