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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53806
Doc. No:TL23760
Call number:‭3445584‬
Main Entry:Stacie Leigh Pettyjohn
Title & Author:Talking With Terrorists: American Policy toward the PLO, Sinn Fein, and HamasStacie Leigh Pettyjohn
College:University of Virginia
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:590-n/a
Abstract:This dissertation asks two specific research questions: First, what explains the shift from a strategy of isolating nationalist terrorist groups to a strategy of engaging them? Second, under what conditions will engagement succeed at convincing these organizations to abandon violence and commit to the political process? The domain of my study is restricted to nationalist terrorist organizations (NTOs) targeting American allies, which have a political as well as military branch. I argue that the conditions are ripe for a policy of engagement when alternative leaders claiming to represent the same group as the NTO are unavailable or become discredited, and when key U.S. officials believe that that the NTO has credibly indicated a growing level of moderation in its actions and sometimes also its aims. However, engagement is only capable of succeeding if the policy implemented is conditional, serious, and sustained. The necessary condition for the U.S. to implement an effective policy of engagement is therefore significant and enduring domestic support. To test my hypotheses I examine American policy towards three NTOs: the Palestine Liberation Organization from 1969-present, Sinn Fein from 1969-2005, and Hamas from 1988-present. These cases are appropriate tests because they exhibit within-case and cross-case variation in the policies chosen by the U.S. as well as the degree to which the relevant group ended its use of violence. Within each of these cases, I use process-tracing--a close examination of the causal chain--in order to falsify my hypotheses and eliminate rival explanations.
Subject:Social sciences; Terrorist groups; Foreign policy; Palestine Liberation Organization; Sinn Fein; Hamas; International law; Terrorism; National security; Palestinians; Palestinian territory; 0616:International law
Added Entry:W. Quandt
Added Entry:University of Virginia