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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:53816
Doc. No:TL23770
Call number:‭3204888‬
Main Entry:Simoni Photiou
Title & Author:Segregated education in Cyprus between 1920 and 1935Simoni Photiou
College:The Pennsylvania State University
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:422
Abstract:This study argues that the existing segregation between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot schooling can be traced back to the period between 1920 and 1935, when crucial political and educational events shaped the course of subsequent educational development. These events, in conjunction with the role of external and internal forces in the formation of the two distinct identities and school systems, are discussed. Elementary school curricular content and aims in Cyprus today can be better understood only within the framework of educational developments during this era. This study focuses on three central research questions: First, how did British colonial education policy affect the development of segregated elementary schooling and its curriculum? Second, how did the historical trajectory of Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot nationalism influence the shaping of the respective elementary school curricula? Third, how did the two distinct curricula in turn promote the two local ethnic identities? To answer these questions, I examined how the history and geography of Cyprus contributed to the emergence and evolution of local nationalism. In order to reveal the roots of segregated elementary schooling, I described the development of the local ethnic identities and the main aspects of British colonial education policy on the island. My research into the determinants of the shaping of identity and school separation in the 1920s up to the mid-1930s led me to reach two conclusions. First, the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot elementary school curricula developed in parallel but never in touch. Second, the two distinct elementary school curricula were influenced by the changes in ethnic identities and the British colonial education policy that took place during the second and third decades of the twentieth century. Elements of these factors are very alive in the current Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot school curricula. Therefore, the study of that period of Cypriot education may help scholars understand today's segregated schooling in the island.
Subject:Education; Cyprus; Greek; Nationalism; Segregated; Turkish; Education history; Elementary education; Curricula; Teaching; 0727:Curricula; 0520:Education history; 0524:Elementary education; 0727:Teaching
Added Entry:D. Gamson
Added Entry:The Pennsylvania State University