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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54039
Doc. No:TL23993
Call number:‭NR24433‬
Main Entry:Tiffany A. Rawlings
Title & Author:Faunal analysis and meat procurement: Reconstructing the sexual division of labor at Shields Pueblo, ColoradoTiffany A. Rawlings
College:Simon Fraser University (Canada)
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:243
Abstract:This study investigates the sexual division of meat procurement at Shields Pueblo, a large aggregated village in the Northern San Juan region of Colorado, occupied from ca. A.D. 725-1280. This is primarily achieved through analysis of faunal remains in reference to the environmental, economic, and social factors affecting the inhabitants of this region from Pueblo I (ca. A.D. 725-900) until regional depopulation ca. A.D. 1280. This dissertation supports previous research in the Northern San Juan region regarding changes to the faunal pattern over time. It is noted that the Shields Pueblo faunal assemblage is characterized by a decline in artiodactyl frequencies and an intensification in utilization of lagomorphs and domestic turkeys, starting ca. A.D. 1060. A gendered analysis, using cross-cultural as well as Southwestern ethnographic data, indicates an interesting pattern in the control/care/production of domestic animals. Specifically, small household domesticates appear to be the responsibility of the female head of household. Archaeological evidence of women's production of domestic meat resources is investigated for Shields Pueblo. It is argued here that as environmental and social factors changed and large game hunting declined, household-based economies became more important. As these conditions changed, making large-scale game hunting increasingly risky, women came to supply much of the community's meat (the majority in many communities). In conclusion it is suggested that as environmental conditions declined and the threat of warfare and violence increased, there was a shift in the organization of labor in regards to meat procurement. While large game was plentiful/accessible, men were the primary suppliers of meat for the community. As domesticated meat resources began to dominate the pueblo economy, women's control of domestic turkeys allowed them to attain more prestige---and thus power---within the household and larger community. Keywords. Pueblo Indians-Antiquities, Animal Remains (Archaeology), Archaeology-Theory-Gender, Social Archaeology, Shields Pueblo (Colorado)
Subject:Social sciences; Colorado; Division of labor; Faunal; Meat procurement; Sexual division of labor; Shields Pueblo; Archaeology; 0324:Archaeology
Added Entry:Simon Fraser University (Canada)