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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:French
Record Number:54098
Doc. No:TL24052
Call number:‭NR58153‬
Main Entry:Zakaria Rhani
Title & Author:Le culte de Ben Yeffou: Sainteté, rituel et pouvoir au MarocZakaria Rhani
College:Universite de Montreal (Canada)
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:323
Abstract:My research was conducted in a rural region in mid-west Morocco, specifically at the zaouia of wlad Ben Yeffou which is located hundred kilometres south of the city of El-Jadida, the regional capital of Doukkala. The saint Ben Yeffou is deemed to have a great charismatic power, the baraka, which allows him to dominate the jinn spirits and heal the diseases they cause. The male descendants of the saint are considered today as the incarnation of the baraka they have inherited from him as he himself had inherited it, through an agnatic transmission, from the Prophet Mohammed. They are chorfa; they embody the cosmic authority of the saint and his power to dominate spirits. The chorfa of Ben Yeffou are famous healers of diseases caused by jinn. The therapeutic rituals and exorcism mobilize a legend narrative around the life of the saint and his magic powers. These legends have the value of a founding myth that not only legitimates therapeutic practices, but also founds a broader power, symbolic, political and social. This cherifian authority is exclusively transmitted through a patrilineal line; women can neither practice nor transmit this legacy. But a few meters from the shrine of the eponym saint led by his male descendants, a woman healer directs other rituals of possession. While simultaneously taking part in the chorfa's sacred universe, she uses, reverses and subverts the central symbols of cherifian domination. This local situation could also be read as an ad hoc commentary on the politics and its foundations at the national level. It comments cogently on this juncture in the history of Morocco, when the charaf has become a foundation not only for the exercise of political power but also for therapeutical practices. The main research question of my thesis could be formulated by a specific question: how the maraboutic cult of Ben Yeffou articulates through mythology and ritual of possession issues of identity, history and political power in Morocco? Keywords: Morocco, Ben Yeffou, maraboutism, myth, ritual, possession, jinn, baraka, charaf, politics.
Subject:Social sciences; Maraboutism; Morocco; Myth; Ritual; Yeffou, Ben; Cultural anthropology; 0326:Cultural anthropology
Added Entry:Universite de Montreal (Canada)