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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54401
Doc. No:TL24355
Call number:‭3308421‬
Main Entry:Chotima Sanguanphant
Title & Author:Demographic transition in Thailand: Political capacity matters?Chotima Sanguanphant
College:The Claremont Graduate University
Date:2008
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2008
Page No:212
Abstract:The study of political capacity and demographic change in Thailand is designed to examine the significance of the link between government capacity and demographic behavior at sub-national level. I argue that government capacity is an important determinant for fertility decline. Empirically, I test this proposition at provincial levels of fertility declines in Thailand. This work shows that structure and distribution of population are interlinked and also closely related to economic growth. High levels of economic growth and fertility decline reinforce each other. Together, they are also related to population distribution through the interaction of government capacity. The influence of the political mechanisms together with income (GDP) on fertility rates has been strong at both national and sub-national analysis. Thailand's provincial fertility rates during the transitional period are predicted well by the theoretical model in which political capacity, income per capita, the political capacity of a provincial government conditional on levels of development (GDP), and population planning services have played a significant role in reducing the total fertility rate especially in the rich societies of both Buddhist and Muslim. This is consistent with expectations that political effects, not economic well-being or economic development, dominate in the Thai societies. However, in the poor societies of both Buddhist and Muslim, an economic development does not account for a fertility decline. In fact, population planning services provided by a government play a major role for reducing TFR. Within the poor societies the author sees political effects and economic determinants are the worst successful in lowering total fertility rate whereas the rich societies exhibit strong impacts of political effects, economic determinants, and population planning services on lowering the total fertility rates. Moreover, this work shows that the change in minority Muslim groups does have an impact on fertility change. Indeed, increase in Muslim population is conducive to an increase in fertility rates. Hence, as noticed widely, population reduction in Thailand can take place because of the modernization process and cultural setting, and it can also be the generated in a political and policy process. A stable and capable government has the options of promoting long term development through controlling or reshaping demographic transition. Only with strong and effective political systems, will they have the ability to reduce high rates of fertility, reshape the demographic trend, and bring about the long-term sustainable growth for nations. Thus, nations will be made winners or losers largely by political capacity.
Subject:Social sciences; Demographic transition; Political capacity; Political demography; Thailand; Political science; Demographics; 0938:Demographics; 0615:Political science
Added Entry:J. Kugler
Added Entry:The Claremont Graduate University