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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54483
Doc. No:TL24437
Call number:‭NR29525‬
Main Entry:Karl Anthony Schmid
Title & Author:Losing your place: Tourism and the making of enclaves in Luxor, EgyptKarl Anthony Schmid
College:York University (Canada)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:367
Abstract:This dissertation examines the making of tourism spaces at Luxor, Egypt. Through ethnography and archival research, it explores the production of tourism enclaves as spaces of segregation. This production of 'enclaving' is complex and synergistically realized and resisted by different actors. The dissertation explores the contributions of four key actors (tourists, operators, government, and development organizations), as well as the experiences of informal guides working in the streets, which raises issues of the contestations and consequences of this enclaving. The development of 'rights of passage' is considered for how tourists acquired privileged access to Luxor's spaces, and how tourists are protected from social conflicts by the government. The need of many tourists for 'managed liminality' is investigated, to understand how encounters with an 'Everyday Egypt' contribute to enclaving. In examining the relationship of tourism operators to enclaving, this dissertation probes both the early development of tourism by Thomas Cook and Son, and the contemporary role of national and international tourism companies. An analysis of development plans reveals how development agencies and the government collaborated to foster enclaving through the erection of high-end resort hotels, as well as condition a particularly tourism-friendly environment. The development of a mega-enclave was foreshadowed in various plans, and it is explained how future development over the next few decades might take the process of enclaving further. Overall, a theoretical understanding of enclaving draws particularly on Doreen Massey's theories of place-making and globalization, Henri Lefebvre's critical work on the production of space, and anthropologist Teresa Caldeira's theoretical and ethnographic work on fortified enclaves. Rather than studying the impacts of enclave tourism or the involvement of one actor, this multi-faceted approach reveals the way that control emerges as the corollary of enclaves and their segregation function, and that there is both an enclaving of society and an enclaving of space.
Subject:Social sciences; Egypt; Enclaves; Luxor; Place; Tourism; Cultural anthropology; Geography; Recreation; 0326:Cultural anthropology; 0814:Recreation; 0366:Geography
Added Entry:York University (Canada)