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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54493
Doc. No:TL24447
Call number:‭3289822‬
Main Entry:Devorah Schoenfeld
Title & Author:Biblical exegesis in twelfth-century France: A comparison of Rashi and the Glossa OrdinariaDevorah Schoenfeld
College:Graduate Theological Union
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:349
Abstract:This dissertation examines the commentaries of Rashi and the Glossa Ordinaria on the Binding of Isaac in Genesis 22, the similarities and differences between the two commentaries, and the ways that these commentaries adapt and transform their rabbinic and patristic or Carolingian sources. Rashi's commentary and the Glossa Ordinaria were both written in the late eleventh and early twelfth century, during a time of deterioration in Jewish-Christian relations and of developments in both Jewish and Christian Biblical interpretation. These changes were reflected in the commentaries of other Jewish and Christian commentators on the Binding of Isaac and in the use of the Binding of Isaac in constructing the Jewish martyrological response to the First Crusade. Neither the Glossa Ordinaria nor Rashi's commentary are static, consistent texts. A critical edition of the Glossa Ordinaria on Genesis 22 and a brief examination of textual problems in Rashi's commentary demonstrate that the Gloss changed substantially over the early twelfth century, and that there is reason to expect that the commentary of Rashi changed similarly. These changes show the commentary of Rashi and the Glossa Odrinaria responding to twelfth century developments. A comparison of the commentaries of Rashi and the Gloss on Genesis 22 reveals particular similarities in their shared readings of the Binding of Isaac as a polemical text. Rashi's commentary and the Glossa Ordinaria have similar ways of linking the text to central religious events: Temple sacrifice for Rashi and crucifixion for the Gloss. There are also significant differences between Rashi and the Gloss, particularly in the role of Isaac and the nature of Abraham's moral example. Both Rashi and the Gloss adapt and transform their sources. Although nearly every comment in Rashi and in the Gloss have sources in earlier exegesis, they manipulate their sources to highlight or emphasize new themes. The two commentaries are constructed around a mosaic quotations both from earlier exegesis and from elsewhere in the Bible. This intertextual web of quotations establishes the authority of each commentary as deriving both from traditional exegesis and from the Bible as a self-glossing text.
Subject:Philosophy, religion and theology; Social sciences; Abraham; Biblical exegesis; France; Glossa Ordinaria; Isaac; Medieval Bible commentary; Rashi; Twelfth century; Religious history; Bible; Middle Ages; 0320:Religious history; 0581:Middle Ages; 0321:Bible
Added Entry:C. Ocker
Added Entry:Graduate Theological Union