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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54707
Doc. No:TL24661
Call number:‭NR28051‬
Main Entry:Steven Blake Shubert
Title & Author:Those who (still) live on earth: A study of the ancient Egyptian Appeal to the living textsSteven Blake Shubert
College:University of Toronto (Canada)
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:501
Abstract:The specific nature of the Appeal to the living texts in ancient Egypt is investigated from the Old Kingdom through the New Kingdom. A data set has been collected of some 294 Appeal texts divided chronologically into (1) Old Kingdom (45 texts), (2) First Intermediate Period (47 texts), (3) Middle Kingdom (93 texts), (4) Second Intermediate Period (8 texts), and (5) New Kingdom (101 texts). Chapters two through six of the study contain original transliterations and English translations of these Appeal texts. The Appeal texts are defined in terms of three separate elements: (1) an invocation or address; (2) a request to provide offerings, speak the offertory prayer on behalf of the deceased, or to provide other appropriate behaviour; and (3) motivations, both positive and negative, provided to entice future generations to carry out these requests. Chapters seven through nine of the study investigate each of these elements in turn. The Old Kingdom Appeal texts are found in the context of private tombs, mostly on tomb walls, but also on stelae set up in the tomb. Stelae are the most popular source of First Intermediate Period Appeals, but they continue on be found on tomb walls, as well as appearing at quarrying sites, such as Hatnub. In the Middle Kingdom Appeals begin to be found on statues in association with temples, but the most common context for Appeals remains stelae. New Kingdom Appeals appear in association with both temples and tombs. The analysis of the Appeal texts in the study sample shows that the genre is based on a number of stereotypical phrases or formulae. These formulae begin at the end of the Old Kingdom or in the First Intermediate Period and continue to appear throughout the Middle Kingdom and 18th Dynasty. Variations to the formulae appear in the Middle Kingdom and the 18 th Dynasty. In the Ramesside Period the standard formulae generally no longer appear and variation has become the rule. This pattern of formulae can best be explained in terms of oral transmission.
Subject:Language, literature and linguistics; Ancient; Appeal to the living texts; Egyptian; Ancient languages; 0289:Ancient languages
Added Entry:University of Toronto (Canada)