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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54715
Doc. No:TL24669
Call number:‭3365566‬
Main Entry:Ying Si
Title & Author:Studies on drought-responsive genes in Citrullus colocynthisYing Si
College:Auburn University
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:127
Abstract:Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad, closely related to watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai.), is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family. This plant is a drought tolerant species with a deep root system, widely distributed in the Sahara-Arabian deserts in Africa and the Mediterranean region. cDNA Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (cDNA-AFLP) was used to isolate drought responsive genes in roots of seedlings following a 20% polyethylene glycol (PEG8000) treatment to induce drought stress. Eighteen genes which show similarity to known function genes were confirmed by relative quantitative (RQ) real-time RT-PCR to be differentially regulated. The expression of these genes was quantified in root and shoot tissues at five time points (4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h, respectively) following PEG treatment. In general, the highest induction levels in roots occurred earlier than in shoots, since the highest expression levels were detected in roots following 4 h and 12 h, in shoots following 12 h and 48 h of drought. Some genes showed tissue specific expression patterns and were induced in shoots, but suppressed in roots. Seedlings were treated with salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) or abscisic acid (ABA) and analyzed using RQ real-time RT-PCR. A complex interplay between hormone signaling pathways regulate plant gene expression during adaptive responses to abiotic stress. The full length Ccrboh gene, encoding respiratory burst oxidase protein, was cloned using RACE (Rapid Amplication cDNA Ends). Sequence comparisons showed that the Ccrboh protein contains a Ca2+ -binding motif of the EF-hand loop type at the N-terminal, and cytosolic FAD-and NADPH-binding domains at the C-terminal, characteristic of the RBO protein family. Southern blot analysis indicated that this gene exists as one or two copies in C. colocynthis . The subcellular location of Ccrboh was investigated by transient expression of Ccrboh::GFP fusion protein in protoplasts, and the result confirmed that Ccrboh is located at the plasma membrane.
Subject:Biological sciences; Citrullus colocynthis; Drought-responsive genes; Abiotic stress; Biotic stress; Stress tolerance; Gene transfer; Plant stress physiology; Molecular biology; Plant biology; 0817:Plant biology; 0307:Molecular biology
Added Entry:F. Dane
Added Entry:Auburn University