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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54806
Doc. No:TL24760
Call number:‭1451690‬
Main Entry:Justin L. Smith
Title & Author:State collapse and politicized identity: Somalia and SudanJustin L. Smith
College:Florida International University
Date:2007
Degree:M.A.
student score:2007
Page No:132
Abstract:Scholarship on how to rebuild failed or collapsed states provides scant theoretical guidance in the search for specific warning signs or mechanisms of collapsing states. This thesis argues that state collapse is a societal response to an identity crisis politicized by the state apparatus in response to a legitimation crisis. As regime legitimacy deteriorates, identity politics are deployed to build support for the regime, but typically at the cost of increasing other forces of internal conflict. Absent a mediating force to suppress internal conflict, the state collapses once the regime has been removed. Somalia and Sudan proceeded through this trajectory during their civil wars, though with different outcomes. Somalia fragmented into clan and subclan groups that continued their inimical relationship perpetuating the war following Siyad Barre's coup. Sudan maintained two core identity groups separated by the implementation of sharia that survived each state legitimation crisis, though the state's physical solidity endured.
Subject:Social sciences; International law; 0616:International law
Added Entry:J. Clark
Added Entry:Florida International University