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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54925
Doc. No:TL24879
Call number:‭3393456‬
Main Entry:David C. Stevens
Title & Author:Retreating guardians: Social legitimacy and the survival of military prerogatives in Chile and TurkeyDavid C. Stevens
College:Columbia University
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:463
Abstract:When do armed forces concede the legal powers and privileges that they inherit from periods of military government? When do politicians seek to curtail the prerogatives of the armed forces? This dissertation examines these questions through the comparative study of the cases of Chile and Turkey. In both instances, periods of military rule yielded constitutions that awarded a significant "guardian" role to the armed forces. Although Chile began its democratic transition more than six years after Turkey, Chilean politicians moved more aggressively and more quickly to reduce the powers of the armed forces and to subordinate them to civilian oversight. This study attributes the higher durability of the Turkish military's prerogatives--many of which appear to have been overturned largely at the demand of the European Union--to the Turkish armed forces' preservation of a higher level of social legitimacy facilitating its continued exercise of guardian duties.
Subject:Social sciences; Civil-military relations; Turkey; Democratic transition; Chile; Armed forces; Pinochet, Augusto; Political science; Military studies; 0750:Military studies; 0615:Political science
Added Entry:J. Snyder
Added Entry:Columbia University