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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54934
Doc. No:TL24888
Call number:‭NR21768‬
Main Entry:Sarah Tyrrell Stewart
Title & Author:Walking in Cyprus: Ancient landscapes and modern biasSarah Tyrrell Stewart
College:University of Toronto (Canada)
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:374
Abstract:Research on the earliest habitation of Cyprus has largely been limited to the finds from excavation at a few sites, or gazetteer-style lists compiled from earlier surveys and fortuitous finds. Generally, though, there was little interest in finding and researching small lithic scatters and resource areas that may be of importance in unravelling the patterns of prehistoric land use. This thesis looks specifically at archaeological evidence from two research projects, the Canadian Palaipaphos Survey Project (CPSP) in southwest Cyprus and the Idalion Survey Project (ISP) in the central Troodos foothills. I focus on the distribution of, and the relationship between, large habitation sites, small, enigmatic lithic scatters and lithic resource areas. I support this with a study of ethnographic research on modern land use behaviour, and ethnoarchaeological research on the modern dhoukani (threshing sledge) industry. This latter is especially important as it sheds light not only on the locations and quality of numerous chert sources in both study areas, but documents modern behaviour in lithic acquisition, production and distribution, which may be crucial for understanding how lithic craftsmen worked in the past. During the course of my survey work, it became apparent to me that observer bias had a profound effect on the identification, collection and interpretation of the archaeological data. A major part of this thesis focusses on ways to identify and correct for a number of these types of biases. Taking into account these limitations on the results from the surveys, my research suggests that the early Neolithic inhabitants were not optimizing costs in lithic raw material selection, but were intentionally exploiting distant sources, despite having excellent quality sources much closer to their habitation sites. Based on the ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological studies, I suggest that this was the result of intentional strategies of risk management.
Subject:Social sciences; Cyprus; Lithic; Observer bias; Archaeology; 0324:Archaeology
Added Entry:University of Toronto (Canada)