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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54936
Doc. No:TL24890
Call number:‭3240945‬
Main Entry:Orit Stieglitz
Title & Author:Special spatial needs? Development planning and the domestic space: The case of the Bedouin womenOrit Stieglitz
College:University of California, Los Angeles
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:349
Abstract:This thesis looks at the Bedouin community of the Negev region of Israel, a traditional society within a modern nation-state. The Bedouins, originally pastoral nomads, are subjected to a rapid urbanization process that is the result of government intervention policies on one hand, and a natural-spontaneous change in the built environment on the other. The traditional dwelling unit of the Bedouins has been the women's domain and women's traditional roles and activities have been around their domestic spaces. Similar to other development projects around the world, the urbanization process for the Bedouins overlooked the dwelling unit and, furthermore, failed to consider its significance in women's lives. The transformation to the modern environment changed the control women had over the design and use of their traditional spaces and spheres. At the same time, women are still obliged to obey traditional norms that are not supported by the design of their contemporary planned settlements. The study highlights the significance of the domestic space in Bedouin women's life through a case study that analyzes the relationship between women's occupations and spaces in a village that was developed without exterior intervention. It was found that the main significance of the domestic space in the traditional settlement is its multifunctional and multidimensional role in relation to women's employment. Within the limitations of their patriarchal society, women have an independent work organization that supports their social interaction and allows them to manage traditional customs and utilize their domestic space as a source of power. When not interfered by external planning, spontaneous-organic development even if influenced by modern factors, continues to support women's needs with appropriate spaces for work and socializing. In planning for traditional women, the main goal is, therefore, to provide them with the spatial opportunity to create the self-organizing structure of their work. In contrasting 'planning' versus 'natural development', the study also suggests that rather than transferring communities to a totally new environment, planning alongside the built fabric of an existing vernacular environment may ease the transition from traditional to modern life by 'directing' the spontaneous development instead of imposing a totally new design.
Subject:Social sciences; Bedouin; Development planning; Domestic space; Israel; Spatial needs; Traditional; Women; Womens studies; Urban planning; Area planning & development; 0999:Urban planning; 0453:Womens studies; 0999:Area planning & development
Added Entry:A. Loukaitou-Sideris
Added Entry:University of California, Los Angeles