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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:54995
Doc. No:TL24949
Call number:‭3164701‬
Main Entry:Sunaryo
Title & Author:Uprooting grassroots, implanting capital: The combined depletive and hyper development of capitalist forestry modeled by the United States in Southeast AsiaSunaryo
College:State University of New York at Binghamton
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:305
Abstract:In the post War World II period, the development of tropical forest exploitation in the Philippines and Indonesia could be characterized by its depletive and hyper forest exploitation which presented a much higher destructive force to the forest and its people in the second half of the twentieth century than that of 500 years of Western colonization in the region. This was made possible by the implementation of the United States' model of tropical forest exploitation in the colonial Philippines (1904–40). This model is founded on utilitarian philosophy embedded in scientific forestry in exploiting so-called “unused” or “underutilized” jungle woods in the tropics. The ideology was primary adopted by colonial officers who instilled it further to elites in the colonies and carried over into independent liberal state. Large scale exploitation, capital, and technology intensive, global market for mass consumption of tropical wood, and short-term (profit) considerations characterize the U.S. model. This model has become much more destructive under development approach implemented by newly independent states. The destructive activity is considered as a liberal state's right to do whatever the state needs to do in fulfilling its need as a form of exercising “negative freedom” of independent state. More recently, we have witnessed the switch of world capitalist organizing principle from development to financial-globalization, which allows huge private mobile capital to be invested in the tropical forest industry. Consequently, the tropical forest exploitation has accelerated at an unprecedented rate, resulting in impoverishing and uprooting grassroots peoples and degrading tropical forest irreversibly.
Subject:Social sciences; Biological sciences; Capitalist forestry; Depletive development; Forestry; Hyper development; Southeast Asia; Tropical forests; Social structure; Agricultural economics; Capitalism; Ideology; Poverty; Studies; 0700:Social structure; 0478:Forestry; 0503:Agricultural economics
Added Entry:D. W. Tomich
Added Entry:State University of New York at Binghamton