خط مشی دسترسیدرباره ماپشتیبانی آنلاین
ثبت نامثبت نام
راهنماراهنما
فارسی
ورودورود
صفحه اصلیصفحه اصلی
جستجوی مدارک
تمام متن
منابع دیجیتالی
رکورد قبلیرکورد بعدی
Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55063
Doc. No:TL25017
Call number:‭NR66540‬
Main Entry:Hui May Tan
Title & Author:Changing the language of instruction for Mathematics and Science in Malaysia: The PPSMI policy and the washback effect of bilingual high-stakes secondary school exit examsHui May Tan
College:McGill University (Canada)
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:349
Abstract:This longitudinal study examines a change in the language of instruction for Mathematics and Science (M & S) subjects from Bahasa Malaysia (BM) to English in Malaysia. This policy, known by the acronym of PPSMI, has two objectives: to promote student learning of M & S, and also to increase students' proficiency in English. The Education Ministry also chose to create a washback effect by introducing a bilingual high-stakes secondary exit exam. The study uses a framework which combines the perspectives offered by literature on educational change, content-based instruction (CBI) and washback in language testing to examine PPSMI. The research questions are interested in exploring upper secondary Math and Science teachers (MST) perceptions of the policy and the bilingual exams; in finding out what changes in MST classroom practices, how the changes occur and why; and also in determining what the washback effects of the bilingual exit exam are. It also looks at whether there are significant differences between urban and out-of-town MST in relation to all these aspects. A mixed methods approach is used for data collection and data analysis. The results point to the complexity of educational change processes. They indicate that classroom implementation of this policy is affected by multiple factors such as MST's English proficiency, the language proficiency and academic ability of their students, MST beliefs about language in teaching content, MST perception of themselves as subject teachers and the school's linguistic environment. The study found that while the English SPM exams exerted a strong washback effect throughout the two-year cycle, the BM version created a washback effect specifically among out-of-town MST at the approach of the secondary exit exam. It also found that although PPSMI places the emphasis on both content and language, MST tended to focus on teaching content. The findings contribute to the literature on educational change, washback in language testing, and CBI and bilingual education.
Subject:Education; High-stakes testing; Language of instruction; Malaysia; Mathematics; Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Sains dan Matematik Dalam Bahasa Inggeris; Science; Mathematics education; Bilingual education; Educational tests & measurements; Science education; Language instruction; Secondary schools; 0280:Mathematics education; 0714:Science education; 0288:Educational tests & measurements; 0282:Bilingual education
Added Entry:McGill University (Canada)