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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55139
Doc. No:TL25093
Call number:‭NR65435‬
Main Entry:Andrew Gregory Theobald
Title & Author:Watching the war and keeping the peace: The United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) in the Middle East, 1949–1956Andrew Gregory Theobald
College:Queen's University (Canada)
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:298
Abstract:By virtue of their presence, observers alter what they are observing. Yet, the international soldiers of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) did much more than observe events. From August 1949 until the establishment of the United Nations Emergency Force in November 1956, the Western military officers assigned to UNTSO were compelled to take seriously the task of supervising the Arab-Israeli armistice, despite the unwillingness of all parties to accept an actual peace settlement. To the extent that a particular peacekeeping mission was successful—i.e., that peace was “kept”—what actually happened on the ground is usually considered far less important than broader politics. However, as efforts to forge a peace settlement failed one after another, UNTSO operations themselves became the most important mechanism for regional stability, particularly by providing a means by which otherwise implacable enemies could communicate with each other, thus helping to moderate the conflict. This communication played out against the backdrop of the dangerous early days of the Cold War, the crumbling of Western empires, and the emergence of the nonaligned movement. Analyses of the activities of the Mixed Armistice Commissions (MACs), the committees created to oversee the separate General Armistice Agreements signed between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, particularly those during the 1954 to 1956 tenure as UNTSO chief of staff of Canadian Major-General E. L. M. Burns, best evaluate both UNTSO effectiveness and Arab-Israeli interaction.
Subject:Social sciences; Arab-Israeli armistice; Middle East; Peacekeeping; Truce; United Nations Truce Supervision Organization; Middle Eastern history; Peace Studies; International Relations; 0601:International Relations; 0333:Middle Eastern history; 0563:Peace Studies
Added Entry:Queen's University (Canada)