خط مشی دسترسیدرباره ماپشتیبانی آنلاین
ثبت نامثبت نام
راهنماراهنما
فارسی
ورودورود
صفحه اصلیصفحه اصلی
جستجوی مدارک
تمام متن
منابع دیجیتالی
رکورد قبلیرکورد بعدی
Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:French
Record Number:55147
Doc. No:TL25101
Call number:‭NR05545‬
Main Entry:Macoumba Thiam
Title & Author:Comportements sexuels à risque et sida au SénégalMacoumba Thiam
College:Universite de Montreal (Canada)
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:147
Abstract:The HIV/AIDS disease in Senegal is characterized by a stable national prevalence rate around 1% since 1990, its concentration among vulnerable sub-groups and in certain geographic areas, and its essentially heterosexual mode of transmission. However, explanatory studies of risky sexual behaviors in Senegal among the general population using a social science perspective are rare. As a contribution to filling in this gap, the present thesis analyzes the changes occurring in sexuality in Senegal and develops a conceptual framework aimed at studying risky sexual behaviors among the general population. It also investigates the complex links between geographic mobility, one of the major determinants of the epidemic in the country, and sexual risk taking in Northern Senegal. The thesis begins with a critical analysis of the social sciences and the public health literature on sexuality in sub-Saharan Africa. The results show that one has to be very cautious when reading the literature on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa produced by the social sciences and the public health. Most of their studies have uncritically relied on old preconceptions that depicted Africans' sexuality as permissive. Our results demonstrate that in Senegal, the outbreak of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its spread occurred at a time when many changes in young women's transition to adult sexuality were taking place: delayed sexual initiation and more premarital sex. Risky sexual behaviors (non-regular sexual partnerships) are widespread among males and rare among females. They are determined by a complex combination of factors located at the individual, household and contextual levels. However, level of condom use with non regular partners is relatively high and determined by factors mainly situated at the individual and contextual levels. Finally, our results confirm that mobility increases risk taking during migration. However, the social control exerted on returned migrants in Northern Senegal is sufficiently strong to limit the replication of risky sexual behaviors upon return. The complexity of the sexual risk taking in Senegal calls therefore for AIDS programs to addressing the underlying factors of risky sexual behaviors rather than restricting themselves to prevention messages which promote a behavioral change.
Subject:Social sciences; AIDS; French text; Immune deficiency; Migration; Senegal; Sexual behavior; Demographics; 0938:Demographics
Added Entry:Universite de Montreal (Canada)