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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55173
Doc. No:TL25127
Call number:‭3282446‬
Main Entry:Marshall Weldon Thompson
Title & Author:Pillars of state strength in Africa: Party systems and interbranch relationsMarshall Weldon Thompson
College:Washington University in St. Louis
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:226
Abstract:Weak states have been blamed for many of the world's socioeconomic ills including poverty, disease, and terrorism. This dissertation demonstrates how certain characteristics of national politics effect state strength. It is shown that checks on the authority of national executives, especially from legislatures, can result in stronger states that enjoy greater legitimacy and better governance. It is also shown that excessive amounts of party fractionalization can lead to weaker states which are more prone to patronage and which are more vulnerable to legitimacy challenges from sub-national actors. The primary method of inquiry is to conduct statistical analyses of cross-national data from two sets of countries, one set being from sub-Saharan Africa, and one set being global. I supplement these analyses with case studies of the Ethiopian and Kenyan polities. The case data provide qualitative support for the quantitative results. In Kenya, the efficiency of resource distribution has been distorted by patronage, a result of party fractionalization. However, in both countries, legislative empowerment has helped to further the consolidation of regimes and to improve governance.
Subject:Social sciences; Africa; Ethiopia; Kenya; Party systems; State strength; African history; Political science; 0615:Political science; 0331:African history
Added Entry:I. Sened
Added Entry:Washington University in St. Louis