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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55194
Doc. No:TL25148
Call number:‭3221669‬
Main Entry:Daniel C. Timmer
Title & Author:Creation, tabernacle and sabbath: The function of the sabbath frame in Exodus 31:12–17; 35:1–3Daniel C. Timmer
College:Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
Date:2006
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2006
Page No:338
Abstract:This study examines the background and significance of the sabbath frame around the golden calf episode (Exod 31:12-17; 35:1-3). It does so especially in terms of the OT literature itself, but also recognizes that the OT reflects in complex ways elements of its ANE milieu. The study's methodology reflects the conviction that an approach grounded in the history that the text presents facilitates interpretation in ways that neither a Wellhausian nor a new literary approach can. Attention to the typological relations between our passages and those elsewhere in the canon also demonstrates both the dynamic development and coherence of the Exodus material and related biblical passages. Within the context of God's intention to dwell among Israel as developed in Exodus 25-40, the sabbath as the sign of the Sinai covenant refers particularly to Yahweh's commitment to sanctify Israel, both in terms of his relationship with her and as concerns her moral behavior. The echo of the seventh day of the creation week in Exodus 31 was seen to express the eschatological nature of Yahweh's commitment to sanctify Israel, a trajectory which intersects the consummation of the Sinai covenant itself. The theme of divine presence was traced across Exodus 32-34, beginning with Israel's repentance in Exodus 33:1-6 and culminating in the full restoration of the covenant and Yahweh's commitment to be in Israel's midst. This movement correlated with the shift in Israel's status from unforgiven to forgiven. Viewing forgiveness as a prerequisite for ethical sanctification or holiness sheds light on the relation between tabernacle and sabbath, with the tabernacle as the locus for obtaining forgiveness and the sabbath as the sign of Yahweh's promise to provide sanctification. When seen as interrelated, the tabernacle-sabbath complex clearly outlines an eschatological facet in the theology of Exodus which anticipates Yahweh's eschatological resolution of the problem of sin. The study concludes by tracing these themes in Isaiah 65-66 and Hebrews (esp. chapters 3-4), passages whose further development of the themes of sabbath, rest, and sanctification both confirmed the general understanding of them advanced here and demonstrates their prominence in biblical theology.
Subject:Philosophy, religion and theology; Creation; Exodus (book of); Holiness; Sabbath; Tabernacle; Bible; Theology; Religion; 0321:Bible; 0469:Theology; 0318:Religion
Added Entry:R. E. Averbeck
Added Entry:Trinity Evangelical Divinity School