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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55213
Doc. No:TL25167
Call number:‭3395969‬
Main Entry:Yukiko Tonoike
Title & Author:Beyond style: Petrographic analysis of Dalma ceramics in two regions of IranYukiko Tonoike
College:Yale University
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:466
Abstract:This dissertation examines cultural process: the nature of regional interaction in the ancient world. Although ceramics as chronological markers have been emphasized in studies of early complex societies, they also help define cultural and interaction spheres. Traditionally, decorative style of ceramics has been used for this purpose. However, this alone does not necessarily clarify the nature of interaction. The use of archaeometric methods to study technological style complements the study of decorative style. Dalma ceramics from the northwestern and central Zagros have previously been described as being impossible to distinguish using decorative style analysis in spite of the great distance between the two regions. In this dissertation, petrographic analysis and a small-scale electron microprobe project was carried out on northwestern and central Zagros Dalma assemblages, as well as a small sample of the preceding and following Hajji Firuz and Pisdeli period ceramics. By focusing on the analysis of microstructure rather than the traditional focus on provenience, the concept of technological style was used to differentiate minute differences in manufacturing techniques in an aim to better understand the nature of their distribution and to further the understanding of early villages and the possible role of transhumant populations. The results suggest that the Dalma ceramics were a distinct ceramic group when compared to the other two preceding and following ceramic traditions, Hajji Firuz and Pisdeli. However, even within the Dalma tradition, there is a great degree of variability, some of which can be explained by ware, presumably linked to vessel function, sites, and region. Interestingly, even when all of these factors are taken into consideration, there is still a great degree of variability among the Dalma ceramics, suggesting that they were made locally at the household level by individual potters and their preferences for ceramic manufacturing techniques. When site location and ethnography was considered, they suggest that enough communication was kept between the different regions in order to keep the stylistic and to a certain degree ceramic manufacturing technique uniform, most likely by the movements of a small group of nomadic pastoralists who maintained a relationship with the agricultural Dalma villages.
Subject:Social sciences; Dalma culture; Interaction; Petrography; Iran; Ceramic analysis; Archaeometry; Dalma; Archaeology; 0324:Archaeology
Added Entry:R. J. H. McIntosh, Frank
Added Entry:Yale University