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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55238
Doc. No:TL25192
Call number:‭3262520‬
Main Entry:Nhan Thanh Tran
Title & Author:Evaluating an intervention to prevent motorcycle injuries in Malaysia: Process, performance, and policyNhan Thanh Tran
College:The Johns Hopkins University
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:274
Abstract:Road traffic injuries (RTIs) have reached epidemic proportions worldwide and will become the third leading cause of all Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost by the year 2020 unless prompt intervention is carried out. To address this growing burden, an intervention using visibility enhancement materials (VEMs) for motorcycles was carried out between March 2005 and September 2005 in Malaysia. To measure the impact of the rear-end reflectors, a quasi-experimental design was adopted whereby crash, injury and fatality outcomes were assessed pre- and post-intervention. This thesis comprises four individual papers and provides a comprehensive evaluation of this intervention, including an assessment of the implementation process, measurement of the intervention performance as shown by changes in crash and injury counts, as well as a discussion of the engagement of the policy sector. The first paper is entitled "Establishing a field trial for testing visibility enhancement materials in Malaysia". This paper reviews the theoretical basis for visibility enhancement as an intervention for motorcycle injuries and examines the process issues related to the implementation of a district wide field trial in Klang and Kajang Districts, Malaysia. The second paper is entitled "The effectiveness of visibility enhancement materials at preventing motorcycle crashes and injuries: measuring change over time ". This paper offers a quantitative assessment of the effects of rear-end reflectors on weekly motorcycle crashes, injuries, and fatalities following the implementation of the intervention using time series analyses. The third paper is entitled "VEM use among motorcycles involved in crashes in Klang District: a descriptive analysis". This paper adds to the analysis presented in the time series paper by examining VEM usage among motorcycles involved in crashes at different times of the day in relation to the levels of VEM usage observed among motorcycles in the general population. The last paper in this thesis is entitled "Engaging policy makers inroad safety research: a Malaysian case study". This paper lays out a framework for collaborative research and practice between researchers and policy makers; this framework is then used to describe the development of road safety policies and practices in Malaysia.
Subject:Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Injuries; Malaysia; Motorcycles; Traffic accidents; Visibility enhancement; Public health; Transportation; Intervention; Traffic accidents & safety; 0573:Public health; 0709:Transportation
Added Entry:A. A. Hyder
Added Entry:The Johns Hopkins University