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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55262
Doc. No:TL25216
Call number:‭3365756‬
Main Entry:Basak Tug
Title & Author:Politics of honor: The institutional and social frontiers of "illicit" sex in mid-eighteenth-century Ottoman AnatoliaBasak Tug
College:New York University
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:429
Abstract:This dissertation explores how gender and sexuality were regulated through the legal and social scrutiny of illicit sex in mid-eighteenth-century Ottoman Anatolia. It examines the legal encounters between the central government, local kadi courts and Ottoman subjects in order to explore how specific applications of Islamic law served practically to construct gender in the everyday-life experiences of men and women in the eighteenth century. By investigating social and legal forms of demarcating "licit" from "illicit" sexuality, this study demonstrates the ways in which moral surveillance was established in parallel to the specific anxieties of the Ottoman state about maintaining public order in the provinces in the eighteenth century. The social surveillance of sexuality by the community and the co-existing "discretionary authority" of the Ottoman state over sexual crime were deployed through a relatively newly promoted and more bureaucratized system of petitioning, a more hierarchical judicial review structure and finally a more centrally organized penal system. This study thus claims that these developments enabled the surveillance of and punishment for sexual crime to be carried out in a stricter manner in mid-eighteenth-century Anatolia. Within this sexual and moral order, the current dissertation also argues that by the eighteenth century "protection of honor" had become a new parameter defining the relationship between the Ottoman state and its subjects. By bringing together different components of Ottoman legal practice such as the kadi court records of Ankara and Bursa, petitionary registers of the Imperial Council in Istanbul, the petitions of Ottoman subjects submitted to the central government as well as the fetva (legal opinions of jurisconsults) collections of the time, this dissertation aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of Ottoman legal culture and the administration of sexual and gender order in the mid-eighteenth century. It examines the court and petitioning processes as sites of encounter and negotiation between the Ottoman political power and its subjects from different social groups over gender and social order. Thus, it offers a methodological basis for overcoming the dichotomies of "normative" versus "practical", "legal" versus "social" and "center" versus "periphery".
Subject:Social sciences; Eighteenth century; Sex; Ottoman; Anatolia; Gender; Middle Eastern history; Law; Gender studies; 0398:Law; 0733:Gender studies; 0333:Middle Eastern history
Added Entry:L. Peirce
Added Entry:New York University