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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55325
Doc. No:TL25279
Call number:‭3256407‬
Main Entry:Todd Patrick Upton
Title & Author:Sacred topography: Western sermon perceptions of Jerusalem, the Holy Sites, and Jews during the Crusades, 1095–1193Todd Patrick Upton
College:University of Colorado at Boulder
Date:2007
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2007
Page No:211
Abstract:This dissertation delimits the nature of medieval perceptions about Jerusalem, the Holy Sites, and Jews as manifested in the medium used by Pope Urban II in 1095 to launch the First Crusade, the Latin sermon. It argues that a homiletic tradition shaped by monastic authors influenced medieval European perceptions of the world. It uses sermon depictions of sacred landscapes to assess the nature of monastic discourse about crusader objectives. A chapter on sermon representations of Jews serves as a contrasting element to the discussions of the representations of physical spaces. The dissertation shows that sermons yielded no explicit references to contemporary realities because monastic authors adhered rigidly to allegorical interpretations, metaphorical comparisons, and biblical prefiguring when describing the Holy Land. In the context of the history of medieval propaganda, the dissertation's examination of preaching for the years 1100-1150 A.D. provides a needed contribution to the field; moreover, attention to "perceptions" fill lacunae in recent works on the topic of crusader-era sermons. The study also places depictions of its titular elements within a larger history of homiletic rhetoric. Lastly, the thesis situates the sermons and authors within a framework of intellectual history that reveals developments in western Christian perceptions of "self" and the "other" in the European cultural tradition. Chapters Two and Three examine sermon treatments of Jerusalem and the Holy Sites (loca sancta). In the first, sermon perceptions of the city are shown to be reliant on changing aspects of an Augustinian "vision of peace" (visio pacis) and a penitential pilgrimage tradition. In the second, it argued that authors ignored contemporary Levantine realities for describing by means of biblical typologies. Sermonizers thereby bypassed a process of "re-sacralization" of the Holy Places achieved by missionaries in the eighth and ninth centuries and returned rhetorical norms to an Augustinian model that discounted veneration of terrestrial sites. Chapter Four serves as a counterpoint and shifts attention from sacred landscapes to an indigenous people of the Levant, the Jews. The chapter argues that authors' depictions of people in regions impacted by crusades were governed by a similar (albeit more virulent) kind of exclusionary rhetoric.
Subject:Philosophy, religion and theology; Social sciences; Language, literature and linguistics; Crusades; Holy Sites; Jerusalem; Jews; Sermon; Religious history; Religious congregations; Middle Ages; Rhetoric; Composition; 0330:Religious congregations; 0681:Composition; 0681:Rhetoric; 0320:Religious history; 0581:Middle Ages
Added Entry:S. G. Bruce
Added Entry:University of Colorado at Boulder