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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55339
Doc. No:TL25293
Call number:‭3182191‬
Main Entry:Matthew Uzukwu
Title & Author:Factors influencing the spread of HIV /AIDS from high -risk sexual behavior within three economic status/income level groups in Owerri, NigeriaMatthew Uzukwu
College:Walden University
Date:2005
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2005
Page No:231
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between degrees of AIDS knowledge, economic class/income levels, and high-risk sexual behavior in the low, middle and high-income classes in Owerri, Nigeria. High-risk sexual behavior or unprotected sex is a cofactor in the transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The problem this study addressed is the insufficient data on the factors influencing the spread of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. The survey instrument was designed to elicit answers about degrees of AIDS knowledge and sexual behavior from respondents selected at random. The instrument was designed by the researcher and subjected to review by experts. The questionnaire administration involved a self-administration interview format to encourage truthfulness in answers, considering the questions were sexual in nature and, therefore, highly personal. Returns from 600 respondents were subjected to analysis. The study showed a 6% overall rate of high-risk sexual behavior in the sample—specifically, 6% in the low and middle-income groups, and 3% in the high-income group. Overall, AIDS knowledge was high, at 80% (74% in the low-income group and 88% in the middle and high-income groups). There was a positive correlation between high AIDS knowledge and high-risk behavior in the middle-income and high-income groups, indicative of high-risk behavior in spite of good knowledge about HIV/AIDS, and a negative correlation between low AIDS knowledge and high-risk behavior in the low and middle-income groups. As a percentage of their respective proportions in the sample, respondents engaged in high-risk behavior were higher in the low and middle-income groups than there were in the high-income group. There was disenchantment with the government, which was perceived as not doing enough to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS. The findings suggest a need for innovative approaches to anti-HIV/AIDS educational and informational programs, including free condom distribution. There is also a need to expand economic opportunities as a tool for promoting AIDS knowledge, considering the associational relationship between middle and high income levels and high AIDS knowledge. Finally, a collaborative relationship between the government and the people is sorely needed for sustained success in the implementation of HIV/AIDS programs.
Subject:Health and environmental sciences; Economic status; HIV/AIDS; High-risk sexual behavior; Nigeria; Health care; Public health; Patient education; Human immunodeficiency virus--HIV; Acquired immune deficiency syndrome--AIDS; Studies; 0769:Health care; 0573:Public health
Added Entry:R. P. Hudak
Added Entry:Walden University