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Document Type:Latin Dissertation
Language of Document:English
Record Number:55486
Doc. No:TL25440
Call number:‭3363649‬
Main Entry:Marni Blake Walter
Title & Author:Universal ideals, local challenges: Approaches to archaeological heritage management at World Heritage sitesMarni Blake Walter
College:Boston University
Date:2009
Degree:Ph.D.
student score:2009
Page No:371
Abstract:The presentation of archaeological sites, the concept of authenticity, and the development of site management plans are key aspects of how cultural sites are cared for. This dissertation examines in detail how these aspects of heritage management are applied at three archaeological sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, as created by the 1972 UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The three archaeological World Heritage sites (Moenjodaro, Pakistan; Mesa Verde, United States; and Monte Albán, Mexico) are used as case studies to examine the ways in which these issues are handled on-site, and at local and national levels. More than simply comparing these three cases, this study evaluates them vis-à-vis the international standards provided by UNESCO and others, and considers how some of these standards, or "universal" ideals, have changed over time. This evaluation highlights some incongruities among the ideals and the actual practices followed at the sites. Results show that in some cases, particularly in the presentation of sites to visitors, practices in place at the sites are in accord with the ideals recommended by UNESCO and other international conservation groups. Regarding the topics of authenticity and management planning, however, practices at the sites are considerably more varied. This study reviews in detail the changes to the concept of authenticity in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, and also reveals a distinct gap between international ideals and on-site approaches to authenticity. I present a new framework for the consideration of authenticity that is based on the sites' management plans and actual approaches used. My research also suggests that archaeological sites that are not well funded or well managed may take some time to incorporate newer management theory, such as the "values" based approach, into their management strategies. A greater focus on partnerships or management incorporating basic site monitoring might benefit preservation activities at some archaeological sites. Although each World Heritage site has a unique management context, insights derived from this study might be shared among other cultural sites that experience many of the same problems and issues.
Subject:Communication and the arts; Social sciences; World Heritage; Archaeological heritage management; Authenticity; Site interpretation; Pakistan; Colorado; Mexico; Archaeology; Museum studies; 0324:Archaeology; 0730:Museum studies
Added Entry:R. J. Elia
Added Entry:Boston University